Molecular mechanisms underlying COPD-muscle dysfunction unveiled through a systems medicine approach

Igor Marín De Mas, Eric Fanchon, Balázs Papp, Susana Kalko, Josep Roca, Marta Cascante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Motivation: Skeletal muscle dysfunction is a systemic effect in one-third of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), characterized by high reactive-oxygen-species (ROS) production and abnormal endurance training-induced adaptive changes. However, the role of ROS in COPD remains unclear, not least because of the lack of appropriate tools to study multifactorial diseases. Results: We describe a discrete model-driven method combining mechanistic and probabilistic approaches to decipher the role of ROS on the activity state of skeletal muscle regulatory network, assessed before and after an 8-week endurance training program in COPD patients and healthy subjects. In COPD, our computational analysis indicates abnormal training-induced regulatory responses leading to defective tissue remodeling and abnormal energy metabolism. Moreover, we identified tnf, insr, inha and myc as key regulators of abnormal training-induced adaptations in COPD. The tnf-insr pair was identified as a promising target for therapeutic interventions. Our work sheds new light on skeletal muscle dysfunction in COPD, opening new avenues for cost-effective therapies. It overcomes limitations of previous computational approaches showing high potential for the study of other multi-factorial diseases such as diabetes or cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-103
Number of pages9
JournalBioinformatics
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computational Mathematics

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