Molecular cytogenetic analysis of wheat-alien hybrids and derivatives

M. Molnár-Láng, G. Linc, E. D. Nagy, A. Schneider, I. Molnár

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New wheat × barley, wheat × Aegilops biuncialis and wheat × rye hybrids were produced with the aim of alien gene transfer from these species into wheat. Amphiploids were produced with the help of colchicine treatment from the last two combinations. The new wheat × barley hybrids were multiplied in tissue culture because of the high degree of sterility and then pollinated with wheat to obtain backcross progenies. Wheat-barley chromosome pairing was detected using genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) in two combinations (Mv9 kr1 × Igri, Asakazekomugi × Manas). In vitro conditions caused an increase in chromosome arm association frequency in both combinations and in fertility in some regenerants. Five wheat-barley translocations were produced in a wheat background and characterized through the combination of cytogenetic and molecular genetic approaches (GISH, FISH and SSR markers). The following translocations were identified: 2DS.2DL-1HS, 3HS.3BL, 6BS.6BL-4HL, 4D-5HS and 7DL.7DS-5HS. Physical mapping of the SSR markers on chromosomes 1H and 5H was carried out using the intragenomic and interspecific translocation breakpoints and the centromere as physical landmarks. Disomic wheat-Aegilops biuncialis additions were produced after backcrossing the wheat-Ae. biuncialis amphiploids. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was carried out using two repetitive DNA clones (pSc119.2 and pAs1) on Ae. biuncialis and its two diploid progenitor species to detect chromosome polymorphism. The 7M and 3M disomic chromosome additions were selected and five more lines still need to be characterized. The octoploid triticale (Mv9 kr1 × Lovászpatonai) produced in Martonvásár was crossed with a 1RS.1BL wheat cultivar Matador. GISH analysis detected pairing between the 1RS arm of the translocation chromosome and that of Lovászpatonai rye in 32 % of the pollen mother cells, making it possible to select recombinants from this combination. The new recombinants between the 1RS of Petkus and the 1RS of Lovászpatonai rye cultivars are being analysed with the help of microsatellite markers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-311
Number of pages9
JournalActa Agronomica Hungarica
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Fingerprint

cytogenetic analysis
chemical derivatives
wheat
Aegilops biuncialis
barley
rye
in situ hybridization
disomics
fluorescence in situ hybridization
chromosomes
genomics
chromosome addition
chromosome pairing
physical chromosome mapping
backcrossing
chromosome translocation
triticale
colchicine
centromeres
cultivars

Keywords

  • Aegilops biuncialis
  • Barley
  • In situ hybridization
  • Intergeneric hybrids
  • Rye
  • Wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Molecular cytogenetic analysis of wheat-alien hybrids and derivatives. / Molnár-Láng, M.; Linc, G.; Nagy, E. D.; Schneider, A.; Molnár, I.

In: Acta Agronomica Hungarica, Vol. 50, No. 3, 2002, p. 303-311.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Molnár-Láng, M. ; Linc, G. ; Nagy, E. D. ; Schneider, A. ; Molnár, I. / Molecular cytogenetic analysis of wheat-alien hybrids and derivatives. In: Acta Agronomica Hungarica. 2002 ; Vol. 50, No. 3. pp. 303-311.
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