Molecular cloning and characterization of a thermostable esterase/lipase produced by a novel Anoxybacillus flavithermus strain

Laura Chiş, Monica Hriscu, Adriana Bica, Monica Toşa, Gergely Nagy, Gergely Róna, B. Vértessy, Florin Dan Irimie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A thermophilic strain producing an extracellular esterase/lipase was isolated from a hot spring in Tǎşnad, Romania, and was identified phenotypically and by 16S rDNA sequencing as Anoxybacillus flavithermus (GenBank ID: JQ267733). The gene encoding the putative carboxyl esterase (GenBank ID: JX494348) was cloned by direct PCR amplification from genomic DNA. The protein, consisting of 246 amino acids and having a predicted molecular weight of 28.03 kDa, is encoded by an ORF of 741 bps. Expression was achieved in Escherichia coli and a recombinant protein with esterolytic activity and estimated molecular weight of 25 kDa was recovered and purified from the periplasmic fraction by IMAC. The purified enzyme, most active at 60-65°C and in the near-neutral range (pH 6.5-8), displayed a half-life at 60°C of about 5 h. Est/Lip displayed a relative tolerance to methanol, DMSO, acetonitrile, and low detergent concentrations (SDS, Triton) increased its thermostability. Highest activity was attained with p-nitrophenyl butyrate, but the enzyme was also able to hydrolyze long chain fatty acid esters, as well as triolein. The primary sequence and predicted tridimensional structure of the enzyme are very similar to those of other Anoxybacillus and Geobacillus carboxyl esterases in a distinct, recently described lipase family. Est/Lip was highly enantioselective, with preference for the (S)-enantiomer of substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-134
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of General and Applied Microbiology
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Anoxybacillus
Molecular Cloning
Esterases
Nucleic Acid Databases
Lip
Lipase
Geobacillus
Enzymes
Molecular Weight
Hot Springs
Triolein
Romania
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Ribosomal DNA
Recombinant Proteins
Detergents
Open Reading Frames
Methanol
Half-Life
Esters

Keywords

  • Anoxybacillus flavithermus
  • Biochemical characterization
  • Enantioselectivity
  • Gene cloning and expression
  • Thermostable esterase/lipase
  • Tridimensional structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Molecular cloning and characterization of a thermostable esterase/lipase produced by a novel Anoxybacillus flavithermus strain. / Chiş, Laura; Hriscu, Monica; Bica, Adriana; Toşa, Monica; Nagy, Gergely; Róna, Gergely; Vértessy, B.; Irimie, Florin Dan.

In: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, Vol. 59, No. 2, 2013, p. 119-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chiş, Laura ; Hriscu, Monica ; Bica, Adriana ; Toşa, Monica ; Nagy, Gergely ; Róna, Gergely ; Vértessy, B. ; Irimie, Florin Dan. / Molecular cloning and characterization of a thermostable esterase/lipase produced by a novel Anoxybacillus flavithermus strain. In: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology. 2013 ; Vol. 59, No. 2. pp. 119-134.
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