Complete molar pregnancy tissue is an allograft to the mother because all molar chromosomes are of paternal origin. Interactions between molar tissue and the maternal immune system may be important in the natural history of complete molar pregnancy. Molar villous fluid (MVF) has previously been demonstrated to suppress both mitogen and interleukin-2-induced T lymphocyte proliferation. The current study was undertaken to evaluate the potential effect of MVF on the cytotoxic activity of mononuclear cells (MNC) and lymphokine-activated mononuclear cells (LA-MNC). Sera and molar villous fluid were obtained from four women at the time of molar evacuation. K-562 erythroblastoid cells were used as target cells for MNC-mediated lysis, and JEG-3 choriocarcinoma cells were used as targets for LA-MNC-mediated lysis in a 51Cr release assay. Relative to patient sera, all MVF tested significantly inhibited both MNC and LA-MNC lysis of target cells (48.3 and 91% mean inhibition, respectively; P < 0.05). This study provides additional evidence that molar gestational tissue produces factor(s) that suppress maternal immunologic responses. Potential therapies may become available to reduce or eliminate the immunosuppressive effects of molar gestations resulting in a more favorable clinical outcome in patients with complete molar pregnancy and postmolar gestational trophoblastic tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology