1. The effect of interleukin-1 (IL-1) was studied on voltage-activated ion currents of the identified central neurons of Helix pomatia L. using a twomicroelectrode voltage clamp. The voltage-activated inward current (ICa) was decreased, whereas the outward current (Inet K) was increased by IL-1. 2. IL-1 affects both the transient and the delayed rectifying potassium currents. The IL-1 modulatory effect on the voltage-activated ion currents was voltage and dose dependent. The threshold concentration for IL-1 was 2 U/ml. 3. The proposed modulatory effect of IL-1 appears to have more than one site of action on the neuron membrane ion channels. 4. Rabbit anti-human IL-1 polyclonal antiserum eliminated the IL-1 effects on the voltage-activated inward and outward currents. This is the first report demonstrating a direct effect of IL-1 modulation of voltage-activated ion currents on neurons of mollusks.
- Helix neurons
- inward-outward currents
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology