In this study, the P2 receptor-mediated modulation of [3H]glutamate and [3H]noradrenaline release were examined in rat spinal cord slices. Adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP), adenosine 5′-diphosphate (ADP), and 2-methylthioadenosine 5′-diphosphate (2-MeSADP) decreased the electrical stimulation-evoked [3H]glutamate efflux with the following order of potency: ADP > 2-MeSADP > ATP. The effect of ATP was antagonized by suramin (300 μM), the P2Y12,13 receptor antagonist 2-methylthioadenosine 5′-monophosphate (2-MeSAMP, 10 μM), and partly by 4-[[4-Formyl-5-hydroxy-6-methyl-3-[(phosphonooxy)methyl]-2-pyridinyl]azo]-1,3-benzenedisulfonic acid (PPADS, 30 μM) and the P2Y1 receptor antagonist 2′-deoxy-N6-methyladenosine 3′,5′-diphosphate (MRS 2179, 10 μM). ATP, ADP and 2-MeSADP also decreased evoked [3H]noradrenaline outflow; the order of agonist potency was ADP ≥ 2-MeSADP > ATP. The effect of ATP was reversed by 2-MeSAMP (10 μM), and partly by MRS 2179 (10 μM). By contrast, 2-methylthioadenosine-5′-triphosphate (2-MeSATP, 10-300 μM) increased resting and electrically evoked [3H]glutamate and [3H]noradrenaline efflux, and this effect was prevented by the P2X1 receptor selective antagonist 4,4′,4″,4″′-[carbonylbis[imino-5,1,3-benzenetriyl bis (carbonyl-imino)]] tetrakis (benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid) octasodium salt (NF449, 100 nM). Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis revealed that mRNAs encoding P2Y12 and P2Y13 receptors are expressed in the brainstem, whereas P2Y13 but not P2Y12 receptor mRNA is present in the dorsal root ganglion and spinal cord. P2Y1 receptor expression in the spinal cord is also demonstrated at the protein level. In conclusion, inhibitory P2Y and facilitatory P2X1-like receptors, involved in the regulation of glutamate (P2Y13 and/or P2Y1) and noradrenaline (P2Y13 and/or P2Y1, P2Y12) release have been identified, which provide novel target sites for analgesics acting at the spinal cord level.
- P2 receptors
- Spinal cord
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience