Modulation of Ca2+ influx dependent on store depletion by intracellular adenine-guanine nucleotide levels

A. Gamberucci, B. Innocenti, R. Fulceri, G. Banhegyi, R. Giunti, T. Pozzan, A. Benedetti

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Abstract

The effects of a number of metabolic inhibitors on the influx of Ca2+ activated by stimulation of receptors coupled to inositol 1,4,5- trisphosphate generation or by depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores with thapsigargin were investigated in four different cell types: Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, Jurkat and HeLa cell lines, and rat hepatocytes. Independently of their chemical structure and site of inhibition, all of these metabolic poisons markedly inhibited Ca2+ influx without significantly affecting Ca2+ release. This inhibition was not due to membrane potential depolarization or to alteration in cytosolic pH but appeared correlated to a drop in the cellular concentration of ATP. The decreases in cellular [ATP] were paralleled by decreases in [GTP] and by increases in [ADP] and [GDP]. The reduction in ATP level necessary to drastically reduce Ca2+ influx was quite small, e.g. a 50% inhibition for a 5% reduction in [ATP], thus within the range of fluctuation presumably occurring under physiological conditions. We suggest that changes in the adenine or guanine nucleotide concentrations may represent an important modulatory mechanism of Ca2+ influx activated by store depletion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23597-23602
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume269
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Gamberucci, A., Innocenti, B., Fulceri, R., Banhegyi, G., Giunti, R., Pozzan, T., & Benedetti, A. (1994). Modulation of Ca2+ influx dependent on store depletion by intracellular adenine-guanine nucleotide levels. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 269(38), 23597-23602.