Modification of the tourism climatic index to central European climatic conditions - examples

Attila Kovács, János Unger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


Climate is a decisive tourism resource and plays key role in the attractiveness of tourist destinations and the seasonality in tourism demand. The suitability of climate for general tourism purposes (i.e., sightseeing, shopping, and other light outdoor activities) is most frequently expressed by the Tourism Climatic Index (TCI), which combines several tourism-related climatic elements. In this study, the original TCI is modified in two ways. On the one hand, one of the most popular and widely used bioclimatic indices, Physiologically Equivalent Temperature (PET) is applied instead of effective temperature (ET) in the part of the index related to thermal comfort conditions. Furthermore, the TCI is adjusted to a ten-day scale since it is more relevant to tourism than the original monthly averages of the climatic parameters. Using the modified TCI we characterize and compare climatically suitable or even unfavorable places and periods of the year in case of some Hungarian and two other relatively close tourist destinations as examples. Analytical results indicate that the most optimal climatic conditions are in the shoulder seasons in all investigated places. The summer period is more unpleasant for sightseeing activities mainly due to the instense heat load. There are some remarkable differences between the cities in the time of occurence of different tourism climatic conditions and, therefore, in the seasonality conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-166
Number of pages20
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014



  • Central Europe
  • Climatic conditions
  • Modified tourism climatic index
  • Physiologically equivalent temperature
  • Tourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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