Spermine up to 10-5 M increased the resting potential (RP) and maximum rate of rise (Vmax) of the action potential (AP) and accelerated the initial (20, 50%) repolarization in isolated guinea-pig and cat atria. These effects were not modified by pindolol (4 × 10-7 M) or atropine (3 × 10-7 M) but were prevented by indomethacin (10-6 M). The right papillary muscle of guinea-pig only showed the acceleration of repolarization while the other parameters were not changed. Spermine did not influence the inward membrane currents under voltage clamp conditions in frog sinoatrial fibers. Spermidine up to 10-5 M increased RP, Vmax and the duration of AP in guinea pig papillary muscle. RP, Vmax and AP duration were moderately enhanced by spermidine in guinea pig atrium and were not changed in cat atrium. Spermidine was found to stimulate the inward membrane current. Its stimulatory effect was confined to the fast component of the inward current. Neither spermidine nor spermine were able to induce the Ca2+-dependent slow AP in 25 mM K+-depolarized atrium. It is suggested that polyamines influence cardiac membrane events which are responsible for AP and ionic currents.
- Transmembrane currents (cardiac)
- Transmembrane potentials (cardiac)
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