Modelling the growth of young individuals of Pinus nigra on thin carbonate soils under climate change in Hungary

A. Trájer, Bede-Fazekas, T. Hammer, J. Padisák

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Climate change highly impacts on tree growth and also threatens the forest of the karstic terrains. From the 1980s the frequency of decay events of the Pinus nigra Arnold forests showed a marked increase in Hungary. To understanding the vulnerability of Pinus nigra forests to climate change on shallow karstic soils in continental-sub Mediterranean climatic conditions we developed the study of three sampled population in the typical karstic landscape of Veszprém in North Transdanubia. We built our model on non-invasive approach using the annual growth of the individuals. MPI Echam5 climate model and as aridity index the Thornthwaite Agrometeorological Index were used. Our results indicate that soil thickness up to 11 cm has a major influence on the main growth intensity, however, aridity determines the annual growth rate. Our model results showed that the increasing decay frequency in the last decades was a parallel change to the decreasing growth rate of pines. The climate model predicts the similar, increased decay frequency to the presents. Our results can be valid for a wider areas of the periphery of Mediterranean climate zone while the annual-growth based model is a cost-effective and simple method to study the vitality of pine trees in a given area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-442
Number of pages24
JournalActa Botanica Hungarica
Volume57
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015

Fingerprint

Pinus nigra
Hungary
carbonates
deterioration
climate models
dry environmental conditions
climate change
carbonate
aridity
Pinus
modeling
soil
climate modeling
Mediterranean climate
tree growth
soil depth
shallow soil
vulnerability
young
cost

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Pinus nigra
  • Soil depth
  • Thornthwaite agrometeorological index aridity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Modelling the growth of young individuals of Pinus nigra on thin carbonate soils under climate change in Hungary. / Trájer, A.; Bede-Fazekas; Hammer, T.; Padisák, J.

In: Acta Botanica Hungarica, Vol. 57, No. 3-4, 01.09.2015, p. 419-442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{751446fd7274477ea9208273bca06b81,
title = "Modelling the growth of young individuals of Pinus nigra on thin carbonate soils under climate change in Hungary",
abstract = "Climate change highly impacts on tree growth and also threatens the forest of the karstic terrains. From the 1980s the frequency of decay events of the Pinus nigra Arnold forests showed a marked increase in Hungary. To understanding the vulnerability of Pinus nigra forests to climate change on shallow karstic soils in continental-sub Mediterranean climatic conditions we developed the study of three sampled population in the typical karstic landscape of Veszpr{\'e}m in North Transdanubia. We built our model on non-invasive approach using the annual growth of the individuals. MPI Echam5 climate model and as aridity index the Thornthwaite Agrometeorological Index were used. Our results indicate that soil thickness up to 11 cm has a major influence on the main growth intensity, however, aridity determines the annual growth rate. Our model results showed that the increasing decay frequency in the last decades was a parallel change to the decreasing growth rate of pines. The climate model predicts the similar, increased decay frequency to the presents. Our results can be valid for a wider areas of the periphery of Mediterranean climate zone while the annual-growth based model is a cost-effective and simple method to study the vitality of pine trees in a given area.",
keywords = "Climate change, Pinus nigra, Soil depth, Thornthwaite agrometeorological index aridity",
author = "A. Tr{\'a}jer and Bede-Fazekas and T. Hammer and J. Padis{\'a}k",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1556/034.57.2015.3-4.11",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "419--442",
journal = "Acta Botanica Hungarica",
issn = "0236-6495",
publisher = "Akademiai Kiado",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modelling the growth of young individuals of Pinus nigra on thin carbonate soils under climate change in Hungary

AU - Trájer, A.

AU - Bede-Fazekas,

AU - Hammer, T.

AU - Padisák, J.

PY - 2015/9/1

Y1 - 2015/9/1

N2 - Climate change highly impacts on tree growth and also threatens the forest of the karstic terrains. From the 1980s the frequency of decay events of the Pinus nigra Arnold forests showed a marked increase in Hungary. To understanding the vulnerability of Pinus nigra forests to climate change on shallow karstic soils in continental-sub Mediterranean climatic conditions we developed the study of three sampled population in the typical karstic landscape of Veszprém in North Transdanubia. We built our model on non-invasive approach using the annual growth of the individuals. MPI Echam5 climate model and as aridity index the Thornthwaite Agrometeorological Index were used. Our results indicate that soil thickness up to 11 cm has a major influence on the main growth intensity, however, aridity determines the annual growth rate. Our model results showed that the increasing decay frequency in the last decades was a parallel change to the decreasing growth rate of pines. The climate model predicts the similar, increased decay frequency to the presents. Our results can be valid for a wider areas of the periphery of Mediterranean climate zone while the annual-growth based model is a cost-effective and simple method to study the vitality of pine trees in a given area.

AB - Climate change highly impacts on tree growth and also threatens the forest of the karstic terrains. From the 1980s the frequency of decay events of the Pinus nigra Arnold forests showed a marked increase in Hungary. To understanding the vulnerability of Pinus nigra forests to climate change on shallow karstic soils in continental-sub Mediterranean climatic conditions we developed the study of three sampled population in the typical karstic landscape of Veszprém in North Transdanubia. We built our model on non-invasive approach using the annual growth of the individuals. MPI Echam5 climate model and as aridity index the Thornthwaite Agrometeorological Index were used. Our results indicate that soil thickness up to 11 cm has a major influence on the main growth intensity, however, aridity determines the annual growth rate. Our model results showed that the increasing decay frequency in the last decades was a parallel change to the decreasing growth rate of pines. The climate model predicts the similar, increased decay frequency to the presents. Our results can be valid for a wider areas of the periphery of Mediterranean climate zone while the annual-growth based model is a cost-effective and simple method to study the vitality of pine trees in a given area.

KW - Climate change

KW - Pinus nigra

KW - Soil depth

KW - Thornthwaite agrometeorological index aridity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84946901422&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84946901422&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1556/034.57.2015.3-4.11

DO - 10.1556/034.57.2015.3-4.11

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84946901422

VL - 57

SP - 419

EP - 442

JO - Acta Botanica Hungarica

JF - Acta Botanica Hungarica

SN - 0236-6495

IS - 3-4

ER -