Modelling recent deformation of the Pannonian lithosphere: Lithospheric folding and tectonic topography

Endre Dombrádi, Dimitrios Sokoutis, Gábor Bada, Sierd Cloetingh, F. Horváth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the role of lithospheric folding in the Quaternary inversion of the Pannonian basin by a series of analogue models. To this aim, build-up of stresses due to intraplate compression in the hot and weak Pannonian lithosphere, changes in the style of deformation and related surface processes were modelled. The primary response of the lithosphere to compression appears to be deformation in the form of large-scale folding. As a consequence of the folding, differential crustal motions occur, affecting present-day surface morphology and landscape processes. The analogue experiments examined folding mechanisms of the hot Pannonian lithosphere characterised by extremely low strengths except for a thin layer of brittle upper crust. Modelling results confirmed the existence of a large wavelength (∼ 350-400 km) component of deformation accounting for large-scale vertical crustal motions. The amplitude of folding is sufficient to generate the amount of observed uplift and subsidence. Our analogue models, supported by the results of stress analyses, suggest that despite the low rate of convergence between the Adriatic microplate ("Adria-push") and the European plate, the weak Pannonian lithosphere has been an efficient transmitter of compression during the basin inversion. Crustal thickness variations are of key importance in governing regional deformation pattern and influence the timing and extent of the basin inversion. Effects of alternating strong and weak units in the brittle crust were also examined by means of two series of conceptual models, in which the order of thin and thick crustal blocks was opposite. Strain localisation in the brittle crust was strongly controlled by the moderate initial thickness variations. The concept gives a plausible explanation for the presence of anomalous rates of uplift and subsidence and multi-wavelength folding inside the basin. Models taking into account horizontal movements due to lateral extrusion were constructed with an oblique face of the indenter. This kinematic boundary condition resulted in a complex internal structure of the folded layers. The presented analogue experiments, together with previous numerical modelling studies, demonstrate the link between large-scale lithospheric folding and topography evolution in the Pannonian basin system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-118
Number of pages16
JournalTectonophysics
Volume484
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 19 2010

Fingerprint

lithosphere
folding
tectonics
topography
modeling
analogs
crusts
analog model
basin
compression
subsidence
inversions
uplift
crust
wavelength
microplate
Eurasian plate
crustal thickness
extrusion
upper crust

Keywords

  • Analogue modelling
  • Basin inversion
  • Lithospheric folding
  • Pannonian basin
  • Tectonic topography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Modelling recent deformation of the Pannonian lithosphere : Lithospheric folding and tectonic topography. / Dombrádi, Endre; Sokoutis, Dimitrios; Bada, Gábor; Cloetingh, Sierd; Horváth, F.

In: Tectonophysics, Vol. 484, No. 1-4, 19.03.2010, p. 103-118.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dombrádi, Endre ; Sokoutis, Dimitrios ; Bada, Gábor ; Cloetingh, Sierd ; Horváth, F. / Modelling recent deformation of the Pannonian lithosphere : Lithospheric folding and tectonic topography. In: Tectonophysics. 2010 ; Vol. 484, No. 1-4. pp. 103-118.
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