Mixed effects of landscape structure and farming practice on bird diversity

Christina Fischer, Andreas Flohre, Lars W. Clement, P. Batáry, Wolfgang W. Weisser, Teja Tscharntke, Carsten Thies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bird abundance, species richness and diversity of bird communities were analysed on 59 plots during breeding season and 61 plots during winter (500. m × 500. m around winter wheat fields) in two contrasting regions of Germany differing in land-use history (West vs. East), landscape structural complexity (40-100% arable land) and farming practice (organic vs. conventional). Abundance, species richness and diversity were higher in West Germany, presumably due to the higher overall habitat-type diversity, and decreased with decreasing landscape complexity, this being marked for farmland and forest birds. In contrast, abundances of openland bird species were higher in East Germany during both seasons and increased with decreasing landscape complexity. During breeding season (but not in winter) organic farming enhanced the species richness of all bird groups, presumably due to more and diverse food resources. Farmland and forest bird species in agricultural landscapes therefore appear to be mainly enhanced by landscape complexity owing to the availability of nesting and sheltering places in non-crop habitats, while openland bird species require high proportions of arable land.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-125
Number of pages7
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume141
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

Fingerprint

landscape structure
farming systems
bird
agricultural land
species richness
birds
arable land
breeding season
species diversity
winter
arable farming
organic farming
arable soils
habitat type
wheat
German Democratic Republic
German Federal Republic
land use
food
effect

Keywords

  • Farmland, openland and forest species
  • Landscape complexity
  • Organic farming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology

Cite this

Fischer, C., Flohre, A., Clement, L. W., Batáry, P., Weisser, W. W., Tscharntke, T., & Thies, C. (2011). Mixed effects of landscape structure and farming practice on bird diversity. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 141(1-2), 119-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2011.02.021

Mixed effects of landscape structure and farming practice on bird diversity. / Fischer, Christina; Flohre, Andreas; Clement, Lars W.; Batáry, P.; Weisser, Wolfgang W.; Tscharntke, Teja; Thies, Carsten.

In: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 141, No. 1-2, 04.2011, p. 119-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fischer, C, Flohre, A, Clement, LW, Batáry, P, Weisser, WW, Tscharntke, T & Thies, C 2011, 'Mixed effects of landscape structure and farming practice on bird diversity', Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 141, no. 1-2, pp. 119-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2011.02.021
Fischer, Christina ; Flohre, Andreas ; Clement, Lars W. ; Batáry, P. ; Weisser, Wolfgang W. ; Tscharntke, Teja ; Thies, Carsten. / Mixed effects of landscape structure and farming practice on bird diversity. In: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 2011 ; Vol. 141, No. 1-2. pp. 119-125.
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