The opening and evolution of the Western Carpathians Miocene basins was closely related to the north-eastward tectonic extrusion of the ALCAPA Mega-Unit lithosphere caused by the final stage of collision of the Eastern Alpine-Western Carpathian orogenic system with the European Platform and Alpine convergence with the Adria plate. The roll back effect of the oceanic or thinned continental crust of the Magura-Krosno realms, subduction below the front of the Carpathians in the north-east, east and relative plate velocities led to gradual stretching of the overriding micro-plates (defined as the ALCAPA and Tisza Dacia Mega-Unit). Diverse movement trajectories of the ALCAPA crustal wedge individual segments (Eastern Alps, Western Carpathians, and Northern Pannonian domain) were accompanied by several counter-clockwise rotational phases. Beside the interpreted Early Miocene "en-block" counter-clockwise rotation, most of the rotations in the Central Western Carpathians were caused by "domino-effect tectonics" inside strike-slip zones and took part in the basin opening, which was in most cases followed by rapid subsidence.
- "en block and domino-effect" counter-clockwise rotations
- ALCAPA Mega-Unit
- basin development
- structural evolution
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