Minor physical anomalies in bipolar I and bipolar II disorders – Results with the Méhes Scale

Hajnalka Berecz, Györgyi Csábi, Sára Jeges, Róbert Herold, Maria Simon, Tamás Halmai, Dániel Trixler, András Hajnal, Ákos Levente Tóth, Tamás Tényi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Minor physical anomalies (MPAs) are external markers of abnormal brain development, so the more common appearence of these signs among bipolar I and bipolar II patients can confirm the possibility of a neurodevelopmental deficit in these illnesses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the rate and topological profile of minor physical anomalies in patients with bipolar I and – first in literature – with bipolar II disorders compared to matched healthy control subjects. Using a list of 57 minor physical anomalies (the Méhes Scale), 30 bipolar I and 30 bipolar II patients, while as a comparison 30 matched healthy control subjects were examined. Significant differences were detected between the three groups comparing the total number of minor physical anomalies, minor malformations and phenogenetic variants and in the cases of the ear and the mouth regions. The individual analyses of the 57 minor physical anomalies by simultaneous comparison of the three groups showed, that in the cases of furrowed tongue and high arched palate were significant differences between the three groups. The results can promote the concept, that a neurodevelopmental deficit may play a role in the etiology of both bipolar I and bipolar II disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-124
Number of pages5
JournalPsychiatry research
Volume249
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • Biological markers
  • Bipolar I and II disorders
  • Neurodevelopment
  • Psychotic disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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    Berecz, H., Csábi, G., Jeges, S., Herold, R., Simon, M., Halmai, T., Trixler, D., Hajnal, A., Tóth, Á. L., & Tényi, T. (2017). Minor physical anomalies in bipolar I and bipolar II disorders – Results with the Méhes Scale. Psychiatry research, 249, 120-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.014