Theoretically, successful manipulation predicts high levels of mindreading capacity, though the former researches on Machiavellianism could not prove this issue. Therefore, the possibility arises that Machiavellians actually achieve lower levels of cognitive performance than previously thought. How ever, there are other research findings that seem to contradict this, stating that Machiavellian individuals successfully manipulate others and to this end, they also use their impressions formed of the other participants in the given social interaction. We assumed that this contradiction can be solved, if we create a new approach to the mindreading of the Machiavellians. In this study we used a new method which - based on dialogues - presents a kind of stimulus similar to real-life social contexts, and also brings the use of manipulative tactics into focus. We found that high Machs solve the mentalization tasks of dialogue-based stories better than those of narrative-based stories. Machiavellians proved to be better than others in the mindreading tasks of manipulative-style stories and showed a specific sensibility on recognizing the intentionality of the deception. Accordingly, these findings can throw new light upon Machiavellians theory of mind.
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