Microstructure-related fracture behaviour of injection moulded short fibre reinforced polyarylamide in dry and wet states

Z. A. Mohd Ishak, U. S. Ishiaku, J. Karger-Kocsis

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20 Citations (Scopus)


The fracture behaviour of injection moulded polyarylamide (PAR) composites containing 30, 50 and 60wt% glass and 30wt% carbon fibres has been investigated in both dry and wet states. Kinetics of moisture absorption study revealed that PAR and its composites exhibit Fickian behaviour. The incorporation of short fibres into a PAR matrix has resulted in the reduction of both maximum moisture content (Mm) and diffusion coefficient (D). The fracture mechanical characterization of the various materials was evaluated by using notched compact tension (CT) specimens. Testing was performed as a function of temperature (T = -40, 20 and 80°C) and crosshead speeds (v = 1 and 1000 mm min-1) on as received (AR) specimens. The influence of water uptake due to the hygrothermal ageing (HA) process on residual fracture performance was also studied. The combined action of moisture-induced plasticization of the PAR matrix and interfacial degradation has been concluded to play a significant role in controlling the fracture behaviour of the (HA) composites. The residual fracture properties of both neat PAR and its composites are almost fully recovered in the case of redrying (RD). Failure mechanisms of both the matrix and the composites, assessed by fractographic studies in a scanning electron microscope (SEM) are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3377-3389
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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