Microstructure of Al-Al2O3 nanocomposite formed by in situ phase transformation during Al nanopowder consolidation

G. Dirras, J. Gubicza, D. Tingaud, S. Billard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aluminum/alumina nanocomposites were processed by hot isostatic pressing at 450 °C and 550 °C. In the bulk material sintered at 550 °C, the composite microstructure was formed by in situ phase transformation of the native amorphous layer on the Al particle surfaces into nanocrystalline alumina dispersoids. The microstructure consisted of an aluminum matrix containing both ultrafine and coarse grains as well as embedded γ-Al2O 3 nanocrystals. The large grains in the matrix stopped the crack propagation during deformation thereby increasing the toughness of the composite. When fracture occurred during deformation at 200 °C in air, the heat released due to oxidation smelts aluminum resulting in filament formation between the fracture surfaces. The samples sintered at 450 °C and 550 °C had similar crystallite size and dislocation density in the matrix while in the former specimen crystallization of the amorphous phase did not occur. Additional annealing of this sample in a calorimeter resulted in the formation of nanocrystalline Al2O3 accompanied by an endothermic peak at about 527 °C and mass-reduction of about 3%, probably as result of gaseous products release. The stresses induced by the volume change during crystallization of alumina yielded an increase of the dislocation density in the Al matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)846-852
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume129
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 3 2011

Fingerprint

Aluminum Oxide
consolidation
Aluminum
Consolidation
phase transformations
Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
Alumina
Phase transitions
Crystallization
microstructure
Microstructure
aluminum oxides
matrices
aluminum
Hot isostatic pressing
Composite materials
crystallization
Crystallite size
Calorimeters

Keywords

  • Coherent X-ray scattering
  • Dislocations
  • Nanocomposite
  • Powder metallurgy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Microstructure of Al-Al2O3 nanocomposite formed by in situ phase transformation during Al nanopowder consolidation. / Dirras, G.; Gubicza, J.; Tingaud, D.; Billard, S.

In: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 129, No. 3, 03.10.2011, p. 846-852.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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