Microstructural and molecular dependence of the work of fracture parameters in semicrystalline and amorphous polymer systems

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of microstructural, morphological and molecular variables on the fracture behavior of polymers and related composites by using the essential work of fracture (EWF) concept has been surveyed in this article. It was postulated that a clear distinction between crack initiation and growth is the essential prerequisite to differentiate between effects of the initial structure and its alteration due to mechanical loading. Strong structural anisotropy in polymers and composites may obstruct the use of the EWF method. It was concluded that the specific essential work of fracture (we) in amorphous polymers is controlled by the molecular entanglement. In semicrystalline polymers we can hardly be correlated with a single parameter of the crystalline or molecular structure. This is owing to a strong interrelation between structural and molecular variables. Results on blends and filled polymeric systems suggest that the essential (resistance to crack initiation) and the non-essential or plastic work (resistance to crack propagation) can hardly be improved simultaneously. This article points out several topics worth of investigations by adopting the EWF method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-230
Number of pages18
JournalEuropean Structural Integrity Society
Volume27
Issue numberC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2000

Keywords

  • amorphous polymers
  • blends
  • composites
  • crystalline characteristic entanglement network
  • essential work of fracture
  • filled systems
  • microstructure
  • molecular parameters
  • semicrystalline polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

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