MicroRNAs associated with ischemia-reperfusion injury and cardioprotection by ischemic pre- and postconditioning: ProtectomiRs

Zoltán V. Varga, A. Zvara, Nóra Faragó, Gabriella F. Kocsis, Márton Pipicz, Renáta Gáspár, Péter Bencsik, A. Görbe, C. Csonka, L. Puskás, Thomas Thum, T. Csont, P. Ferdinándy

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Abstract

We aimed to characterize early changes in microRNA expression in acute cardioprotection by ischemic pre- and postconditioning in rat hearts. Hearts isolated from male Wistar rats were subjected to 1) time-matched nonischemic perfusion, 2) ischemia-reperfusion (30 min of coronary occlusion and 120 min of reperfusion), 3) preconditioning (3 × 5 min of coronary occlusion) followed by ischemia-reperfusion, or 4) ischemia-reperfusion with postconditioning (6 × 10 s of global ischemia-reperfusion at the onset of reperfusion). Infarct size was significantly reduced by both interventions. Of 350 different microRNAs assessed by microarray analysis, 147-160 microRNAs showed detectable expression levels. Compared with microRNA alterations induced by ischemia-reperfusion versus time-matched nonischemic controls, five microRNAs were significantly affected by both pre- and postconditioning (microRNA- 125b*, microRNA-139-3p, microRNA-320, microRNA-532-3p, and microRNA-188), four microRNAs were significantly affected by preconditioning (microRNA-487b, microRNA-139-5p, microRNA- 192, and microRNA-212), and nine microRNAs were significantly affected by postconditioning (microRNA-1, microRNA let-7i, microRNA let-7e, microRNA let-7b, microRNA-181a, microRNA-208, microRNA- 328, microRNA-335, and microRNA-503). Expression of randomly selected microRNAs was validated by quantitative real-time PCR. By a systematic comparison of the direction of microRNA expression changes in all groups, we identified microRNAs, specific mimics, or antagomiRs that may have pre- and postconditioning-like cardioprotective effects (protectomiRs). Transfection of selected protectomiRs (mimics of microRNA-139-5p, microRNA-125b*, microRNA let-7b, and inhibitor of microRNA-487b) into cardiac myocytes subjected to simulated ischemia-reperfusion showed a significant cytoprotective effect. This is the first demonstration that the ischemiareperfusion- induced microRNA expression profile is significantly influenced by both pre- and postconditioning, which shows the involvement of microRNAs in cardioprotective signaling. Moreover, by analysis of microRNA expression patterns in cardioprotection by preand postconditioning, specific protectomiRs can be revealed as potential therapeutic tools for the treatment of ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume307
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2014

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Ischemic Postconditioning
Reperfusion Injury
MicroRNAs
Reperfusion
Ischemia

Keywords

  • Cardioprotection
  • MicroRNA
  • MiR
  • MiRNA
  • Reperfusion injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

MicroRNAs associated with ischemia-reperfusion injury and cardioprotection by ischemic pre- and postconditioning : ProtectomiRs. / Varga, Zoltán V.; Zvara, A.; Faragó, Nóra; Kocsis, Gabriella F.; Pipicz, Márton; Gáspár, Renáta; Bencsik, Péter; Görbe, A.; Csonka, C.; Puskás, L.; Thum, Thomas; Csont, T.; Ferdinándy, P.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 307, No. 2, 15.07.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Varga, Zoltán V.

AU - Zvara, A.

AU - Faragó, Nóra

AU - Kocsis, Gabriella F.

AU - Pipicz, Márton

AU - Gáspár, Renáta

AU - Bencsik, Péter

AU - Görbe, A.

AU - Csonka, C.

AU - Puskás, L.

AU - Thum, Thomas

AU - Csont, T.

AU - Ferdinándy, P.

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AB - We aimed to characterize early changes in microRNA expression in acute cardioprotection by ischemic pre- and postconditioning in rat hearts. Hearts isolated from male Wistar rats were subjected to 1) time-matched nonischemic perfusion, 2) ischemia-reperfusion (30 min of coronary occlusion and 120 min of reperfusion), 3) preconditioning (3 × 5 min of coronary occlusion) followed by ischemia-reperfusion, or 4) ischemia-reperfusion with postconditioning (6 × 10 s of global ischemia-reperfusion at the onset of reperfusion). Infarct size was significantly reduced by both interventions. Of 350 different microRNAs assessed by microarray analysis, 147-160 microRNAs showed detectable expression levels. Compared with microRNA alterations induced by ischemia-reperfusion versus time-matched nonischemic controls, five microRNAs were significantly affected by both pre- and postconditioning (microRNA- 125b*, microRNA-139-3p, microRNA-320, microRNA-532-3p, and microRNA-188), four microRNAs were significantly affected by preconditioning (microRNA-487b, microRNA-139-5p, microRNA- 192, and microRNA-212), and nine microRNAs were significantly affected by postconditioning (microRNA-1, microRNA let-7i, microRNA let-7e, microRNA let-7b, microRNA-181a, microRNA-208, microRNA- 328, microRNA-335, and microRNA-503). Expression of randomly selected microRNAs was validated by quantitative real-time PCR. By a systematic comparison of the direction of microRNA expression changes in all groups, we identified microRNAs, specific mimics, or antagomiRs that may have pre- and postconditioning-like cardioprotective effects (protectomiRs). Transfection of selected protectomiRs (mimics of microRNA-139-5p, microRNA-125b*, microRNA let-7b, and inhibitor of microRNA-487b) into cardiac myocytes subjected to simulated ischemia-reperfusion showed a significant cytoprotective effect. This is the first demonstration that the ischemiareperfusion- induced microRNA expression profile is significantly influenced by both pre- and postconditioning, which shows the involvement of microRNAs in cardioprotective signaling. Moreover, by analysis of microRNA expression patterns in cardioprotection by preand postconditioning, specific protectomiRs can be revealed as potential therapeutic tools for the treatment of ischemia-reperfusion injury.

KW - Cardioprotection

KW - MicroRNA

KW - MiR

KW - MiRNA

KW - Reperfusion injury

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