Micromachined capillary cross-connector for high-precision fraction collection

Julia Khandurina, András Guttman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new approach for high-precision fraction collection of double-stranded DNA fragments by capillary electrophoresis coupled to a micromachined plastic capillary cross-connector is presented. The system design integrates four fused-silica capillaries with an acrylic cross-channel connector. The cross-channel structure was introduced to enhance the efficiency of the fraction collection process by electrokinetic manipulations. Following the detection of the sample zone of interest at or slightly upstream of the cross during the separation mode, the potentials were reconfigured to collection mode to direct the selected analyte zone into the corresponding collection vial, while keeping the rest of the sample components virtually stopped within the separation capillary. In this way the spacing between consecutive bands of interest can be physically increased, allowing precise isolation of spatially close sample zones. After collection of the target fraction the separation mode is resumed, and the separation/collection cycle is repeated until all desired sample zones are separated and captured. The capillary cross-connector was fabricated of a transparent acrylic substrate by microdrilling flat end and through channels, matching precisely the O.D. and I.D. of the connected capillary tubing, respectively. This design provided a close to zero dead volume connection assembly for the separation and collection capillaries causing minimal extra band broadening during high-precision micropreparative DNA fractionation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-113
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume979
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 6 2002

Keywords

  • Chip technology
  • DNA
  • Fraction collection
  • Instrumentation
  • Microfluidics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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