Microcalorimetric and analytic detection of solid-gas interaction on porous adsorbents

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Abstract

Adsorption of CO2 gas on two adsorbents with different surface energies, i.e., silica gel and activated carbon was studied at various temperatures. Isosteric adsorption heats were calculated from the isotherms. Adsorption enthalpies were measured directly by gas microcalorimetry at 298 K as a function of equilibrium pressure and, consequently, the amount of material adsorbed. It was established that in the case of activated carbon, an apolar adsorbent, differential adsorption enthalpy calculated from isosteric adsorption heat is in good agreement with the values determined by gas microcalorimetry. A significant difference was observed, however, in the case of the polar silica gel where specific interactions may be expected to arise between the surface and CO2 molecules. The thermodynamically consistent Toth equation [8] has been applied to the measured isotherms and the parameters ofthat also indicate the specific interactions mentioned above.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-766
Number of pages14
JournalACH - Models in Chemistry
Volume134
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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Adsorbents
Gases
Adsorption
Silica Gel
Activated carbon
Isotherms
Enthalpy
Interfacial energy
Molecules
Temperature
Hot Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Microcalorimetric and analytic detection of solid-gas interaction on porous adsorbents. / Berger, F.; Király, Z.; Dékány, I.; Töra, Jözsef.

In: ACH - Models in Chemistry, Vol. 134, No. 6, 1997, p. 753-766.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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