Microarray Analysis of Lyn-Deficient B Cells Reveals Germinal Center-Associated Nuclear Protein and Other Genes Associated with the Lymphoid Germinal Center

Zeljka Korade Mirnics, Eva Caudell, Yan Hua Gao, Kazuhiko Kuwahara, Nobuo Sakaguchi, Tomohiro Kurosaki, Joan Burnside, Károly Mirnics, Seth J. Corey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lyn is the only member of the Src family expressed in DT40 B cells, which provide a unique model to study the singular contribution of this protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) family to cell signaling. In these cells, gene ablation of Lyn leads to defective B cell receptor signaling. Complementary DNA array analysis of Lyn-deficient DT40 cells shows that the absence of Lyn leads to down-regulation of numerous genes encoding proteins involved in B cell receptor signaling, proliferation, control of transcription, immunity/inflammation response, and cytoskeletal organization. Most of these expression changes have not been previously associated with Lyn PTK signaling. They include alterations in mRNA levels of germinal center-associated nuclear protein (germinal center-associated DNA primase) (GANP), CD74, CD22, NF-κB, elongation factor 1α, CD79b, octamer binding factor 1, Ig H chain, stathmin, and γ-actin. Changes in GANP expression were also confirmed in Lyn-deficient mice, suggesting that Lyn PTK has a unique function not compensated for by other Src kinases. Because Lyn-deficient mice have impaired development of germinal centers in spleen, the decreased expression of GANP in the Lyn-deficient DT40 cell line and Lyn-deficient mice suggests that Lyn controls the formation and proliferation of germinal centers via GANP. GANP promoter activity was higher in wild-type vs Lyn-deficient cells. Mutation of the PU.1 binding site reduced activity in wild-type cells and had no effect in Lyn-deficient cells. The presence of Lyn enhanced PU.1 expression in a Northern blot. Thus, the following new signaling pathway has been described: Lyn→PU.1→GANP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4133-4141
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume172
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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