Methylviologen and dibromothymoquinone treatments of pea leaves reveal the role of photosystem I in the Chl a fluorescence rise OJIP

Gert Schansker, Szilvia Z. Tóth, Reto J. Strasser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

304 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of dibromothymoquinone (DBMIB) and methylviologen (MV) on the Chl a fluorescence induction transient (OJIP) were studied in vivo. Simultaneously measured 820-nm transmission kinetics were used to monitor electron flow through photosystem I (PSI). DBMIB inhibits the reoxidation of plastoquinol by binding to the cytochrome b6/f complex. MV accepts electrons from the FeS clusters of PSI and it allows electrons to bypass the block that is transiently imposed by ferredoxin-NADP+-reductase (FNR) (inactive in dark-adapted leaves). We show that the IP phase of the OJIP transient disappears in the presence of DBMIB without affecting Fm. MV suppresses the IP phase by lowering the P level compared to untreated leaves. These observations indicate that PSI activity plays an important role in the kinetics of the OJIP transient. Two requirements for the IP phase are electron transfer beyond the cytochrome b6/f complex (blocked by DBMIB) and a transient block at the acceptor side of PSI (bypassed by MV). It is also observed that in leaves, just like in thylakoid membranes, DBMIB can bypass its own block at the cytochrome b6/f complex and donate electrons directly to PC+ and P700+ with a donation time τ of 4.3 s. Further, alternative explanations of the IP phase that have been proposed in the literature are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-261
Number of pages12
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume1706
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 17 2005

Keywords

  • 820-nm transmission
  • Chl a fluorescence
  • DBMIB
  • Methylviologen
  • OJIP-transient
  • Pisum sativum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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