Meteoritic evidence for two r-processes and the HEW scenario

U. Ott, Karl Ludwig Kratz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relative abundances of the radionuclides 129I and 182Hf in the Early Solar System (ESS) in conjunction with observations on extremely metal-poor stars have been interpreted as evidence for two distinct types (L and H events) of the r-process. In particular, it has been postulated that iodine is produced exclusively during L events, while barium and elements above are produced by H events only. In this context we explore predictions from the high entropy wind (HEW) model for the r-process. Within this scenario, the full expected entropy range produces abundances which are inconsistent with these postulates. Only by excluding the entropy range below a precisely defined value can Ba and elements above be produced without significant contributions to iodine. Achieving the required clear "cut" at always the exactly same entropy value would be remarkable; the cut may have been a characteristic of the last r-process contribution, however. Alternative explanations for a relative overabundance of 182Hf and/or a deficit of 129I in the Early Solar System include a late neutron burst contribution to 182Hf and a 129I deficit due to the volatile nature of the element iodine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-400
Number of pages5
JournalNew Astronomy Reviews
Volume52
Issue number7-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

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entropy
iodine
solar system
barium
axioms
radioactive isotopes
radionuclide
relative abundance
bursts
neutrons
stars
metal
prediction
predictions
metals

Keywords

  • Metal-poor stars
  • Meteorites
  • r-process
  • Radionuclides
  • Solar system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Meteoritic evidence for two r-processes and the HEW scenario. / Ott, U.; Kratz, Karl Ludwig.

In: New Astronomy Reviews, Vol. 52, No. 7-10, 10.2008, p. 396-400.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ott, U. ; Kratz, Karl Ludwig. / Meteoritic evidence for two r-processes and the HEW scenario. In: New Astronomy Reviews. 2008 ; Vol. 52, No. 7-10. pp. 396-400.
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