Metagenomic analysis of bat guano samples revealed the presence of viruses potentially carried by insects, among others by apis mellifera in Hungary

Brigitta Zana, Gábor Kemenesi, Péter Urbán, Fanni Földes, Tamás Görföl, Péter Estók, Sándor Boldogh, Kornélia Kurucz, Ferenc Jakab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The predominance of dietary viruses in bat guano samples had been described recently, suggesting a new opportunity to survey the prevalence and to detect new viruses of arthropods or even plant-infecting viruses circulating locally in the ecosystem. Here we describe the diversity of viruses belonging to the order Picornavirales in Hungarian insectivorous bat guano samples. The metagenomic analysis conducted on our samples has revealed the significant predominance of aphid lethal paralysis virus (ALPV) and Big Sioux River virus (BSRV) in Hungary for the first time. Phylogenetic analysis was used to clarify the relationship to previously identified ALPV strains infecting honey bees, showing that our strain possesses a close genetic relationship with the strains that have already been described as pathogenic to honey bees. Furthermore, studies have previously confirmed the ability of these viruses to replicate in adult honey bees; however, no signs related to these viruses have been revealed yet. With the identification of two recently described possibly honey bee infecting viruses for the first time in Hungary, our results might have importance for the health conditions of Hungarian honey bee colonies in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-161
Number of pages11
JournalActa veterinaria Hungarica
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Aphid lethal paralysis virus
  • Apis mellifera
  • Bat guano
  • Big Sioux river virus
  • Honey bee
  • Rhopalosiphum padi virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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