Mesoporous magnetic nanocomposites: a promising adsorbent for the removal of dyes from aqueous solutions

Roxana Nicola, Otilia Costişor, Simona Gabriela Muntean, Maria Andreea Nistor, Ana Maria Putz, Cătălin Ianăşi, Radu Lazău, László Almásy, Liviu Săcărescu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water pollution by synthetic organic dyes is mainly regarded as environmental and ecological issues worldwide and requires feasible solutions in face of the short-term risk to human health and stability of eco-systems. Therefore, in this paper, the magnetic mesoporous composites (MMC) were synthesized by surfactant template sol–gel method, using cetyl-trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as mesoporous structure generator and investigated for anionic and cationic dyes removal from aqueous solutions. The magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were obtained by reverse co-precipitation, followed by mesoporous silica coating through modified sol–gel method. The obtained materials were characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, Mössbauer spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption, small-angle X-ray scattering and magnetization measurements. The influence of CTAB amount on the morpho-textural and structural properties of nanocomposites was studied. XRD and Mössbauer spectroscopy showed that the obtained nanocomposites were composed of pure maghemite nanoparticles, and TEM images revealed particles size around 10 nm, embedded in silica matrix. The combination of magnetic properties and high surface area values, up to 695 m2/g, made suitable the obtained nanocomposites to be used as adsorbents. The dye removal efficiency was higher than 90% after the first adsorption and remained above 65% after four adsorption–desorption cycles, indicating that the as-prepared magnetic mesoporous nanocomposites can be considered excellent adsorbent materials for the removal of both anionic and cationic dyes from wastewaters, and the recycling performance revealed the stability of MMC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-428
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Porous Materials
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Dyes
  • Iron oxide silica nanocomposites
  • Sol–gel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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    Nicola, R., Costişor, O., Muntean, S. G., Nistor, M. A., Putz, A. M., Ianăşi, C., Lazău, R., Almásy, L., & Săcărescu, L. (2020). Mesoporous magnetic nanocomposites: a promising adsorbent for the removal of dyes from aqueous solutions. Journal of Porous Materials, 27(2), 413-428. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10934-019-00821-y