Several studies confirmed the correlation between socioeconomic status (SES) and health. However, among these studies only a few focused on adolescents, because of the dominant hypothesis which stated that inequalities take effect on health during the whole life-course.At the same time numerous studies stated that this impact changes during the life-course, shows different intensity in different age groups, sometimes turns into inverse. Several studies reported "relative equalization" in health compared to childhood; other studies did not confi rm this result. At this age the impact of SES, if does not appear directly, exists in latent form in inequalities in alcohol and cigarette use and mental well-being. These indicators can take effect in adulthood as mediator variables. Data collection was going on by using a survey method (N=501) in the second semester of school year 20122013, including four high schools in Debrecen. The SES indicators used were education and occupational status of the parents (objective indicators) and self-rated SES (subjective indicator). We included scales measuring mental well-being, (dichotomized) alcohol and cigarette use of students as dependent variables. According to our results both objective and subjective SES indicators correlated with the students' well-being, the subjective indicator indicated the strongest correlation. We found correlation only among cigarette use and mother's occupation and none of the SES indicators correlated with alcohol use.
|Translated title of the contribution||Mental well-being and health behaviours of high school students in view of their social background|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science