Középiskolások mentális jólléte és egészségmagatartása társadalmi helyzetük tükrében

Translated title of the contribution: Mental well-being and health behaviours of high school students in view of their social background

B. Pikó, Szabolcs Varga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Several studies confirmed the correlation between socioeconomic status (SES) and health. However, among these studies only a few focused on adolescents, because of the dominant hypothesis which stated that inequalities take effect on health during the whole life-course.At the same time numerous studies stated that this impact changes during the life-course, shows different intensity in different age groups, sometimes turns into inverse. Several studies reported "relative equalization" in health compared to childhood; other studies did not confi rm this result. At this age the impact of SES, if does not appear directly, exists in latent form in inequalities in alcohol and cigarette use and mental well-being. These indicators can take effect in adulthood as mediator variables. Data collection was going on by using a survey method (N=501) in the second semester of school year 20122013, including four high schools in Debrecen. The SES indicators used were education and occupational status of the parents (objective indicators) and self-rated SES (subjective indicator). We included scales measuring mental well-being, (dichotomized) alcohol and cigarette use of students as dependent variables. According to our results both objective and subjective SES indicators correlated with the students' well-being, the subjective indicator indicated the strongest correlation. We found correlation only among cigarette use and mother's occupation and none of the SES indicators correlated with alcohol use.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)224-238
Number of pages15
JournalTarsadalomkutatas
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2013

Fingerprint

social background
socioeconomic status
health behavior
student
well-being
social status
school
alcohol
health
occupational status
survey method
indicator
adulthood
semester
occupation
age group
parents
childhood
education
adolescent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law
  • Development

Cite this

Középiskolások mentális jólléte és egészségmagatartása társadalmi helyzetük tükrében. / Pikó, B.; Varga, Szabolcs.

In: Tarsadalomkutatas, Vol. 31, No. 3, 01.09.2013, p. 224-238.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3b9d94b6619b47e8a6f645e29845b5b9,
title = "K{\"o}z{\'e}piskol{\'a}sok ment{\'a}lis j{\'o}ll{\'e}te {\'e}s eg{\'e}szs{\'e}gmagatart{\'a}sa t{\'a}rsadalmi helyzet{\"u}k t{\"u}kr{\'e}ben",
abstract = "Several studies confirmed the correlation between socioeconomic status (SES) and health. However, among these studies only a few focused on adolescents, because of the dominant hypothesis which stated that inequalities take effect on health during the whole life-course.At the same time numerous studies stated that this impact changes during the life-course, shows different intensity in different age groups, sometimes turns into inverse. Several studies reported {"}relative equalization{"} in health compared to childhood; other studies did not confi rm this result. At this age the impact of SES, if does not appear directly, exists in latent form in inequalities in alcohol and cigarette use and mental well-being. These indicators can take effect in adulthood as mediator variables. Data collection was going on by using a survey method (N=501) in the second semester of school year 20122013, including four high schools in Debrecen. The SES indicators used were education and occupational status of the parents (objective indicators) and self-rated SES (subjective indicator). We included scales measuring mental well-being, (dichotomized) alcohol and cigarette use of students as dependent variables. According to our results both objective and subjective SES indicators correlated with the students' well-being, the subjective indicator indicated the strongest correlation. We found correlation only among cigarette use and mother's occupation and none of the SES indicators correlated with alcohol use.",
keywords = "Adolescence, Alcohol use, Cigarette use, Mental well-being, Social background, Socioeconomic status",
author = "B. Pik{\'o} and Szabolcs Varga",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1556/Tarskut.31.2013.3.2",
language = "Hungarian",
volume = "31",
pages = "224--238",
journal = "Tarsadalomkutatas",
issn = "0231-2522",
publisher = "Akademiai Kiado",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Középiskolások mentális jólléte és egészségmagatartása társadalmi helyzetük tükrében

AU - Pikó, B.

AU - Varga, Szabolcs

PY - 2013/9/1

Y1 - 2013/9/1

N2 - Several studies confirmed the correlation between socioeconomic status (SES) and health. However, among these studies only a few focused on adolescents, because of the dominant hypothesis which stated that inequalities take effect on health during the whole life-course.At the same time numerous studies stated that this impact changes during the life-course, shows different intensity in different age groups, sometimes turns into inverse. Several studies reported "relative equalization" in health compared to childhood; other studies did not confi rm this result. At this age the impact of SES, if does not appear directly, exists in latent form in inequalities in alcohol and cigarette use and mental well-being. These indicators can take effect in adulthood as mediator variables. Data collection was going on by using a survey method (N=501) in the second semester of school year 20122013, including four high schools in Debrecen. The SES indicators used were education and occupational status of the parents (objective indicators) and self-rated SES (subjective indicator). We included scales measuring mental well-being, (dichotomized) alcohol and cigarette use of students as dependent variables. According to our results both objective and subjective SES indicators correlated with the students' well-being, the subjective indicator indicated the strongest correlation. We found correlation only among cigarette use and mother's occupation and none of the SES indicators correlated with alcohol use.

AB - Several studies confirmed the correlation between socioeconomic status (SES) and health. However, among these studies only a few focused on adolescents, because of the dominant hypothesis which stated that inequalities take effect on health during the whole life-course.At the same time numerous studies stated that this impact changes during the life-course, shows different intensity in different age groups, sometimes turns into inverse. Several studies reported "relative equalization" in health compared to childhood; other studies did not confi rm this result. At this age the impact of SES, if does not appear directly, exists in latent form in inequalities in alcohol and cigarette use and mental well-being. These indicators can take effect in adulthood as mediator variables. Data collection was going on by using a survey method (N=501) in the second semester of school year 20122013, including four high schools in Debrecen. The SES indicators used were education and occupational status of the parents (objective indicators) and self-rated SES (subjective indicator). We included scales measuring mental well-being, (dichotomized) alcohol and cigarette use of students as dependent variables. According to our results both objective and subjective SES indicators correlated with the students' well-being, the subjective indicator indicated the strongest correlation. We found correlation only among cigarette use and mother's occupation and none of the SES indicators correlated with alcohol use.

KW - Adolescence

KW - Alcohol use

KW - Cigarette use

KW - Mental well-being

KW - Social background

KW - Socioeconomic status

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890255160&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890255160&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1556/Tarskut.31.2013.3.2

DO - 10.1556/Tarskut.31.2013.3.2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84890255160

VL - 31

SP - 224

EP - 238

JO - Tarsadalomkutatas

JF - Tarsadalomkutatas

SN - 0231-2522

IS - 3

ER -