Fiatalok mentális egészsége az objektív és szubjektív társadalmi mutatók tükrében

Translated title of the contribution: Mental health of youth in light of objective and subjective social status

Kriston Pálma, B. Pikó, Kovács Eszter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Detecting social inequalities in health in different stages of the lifecycle is one of the salient medical sociological researches. Objective: The main goal of the present study was to investigate adolescents' mental health (variables: optimism, depression, satisfaction with life, external/internal locus of control, self-perceived health) along objective (parental schooling) and subjective (SES self-assessment) indicators. Methods: The Youth Study was carried out in Szeged in autumn 2010 using a self-administered questionnaire. Altogether 656 high school students were sampled (aged between 14-21 years, mean of age = 16.5 years; S.D.: 1.5 years, 49.1% females). As a method of analyses, logistic regression analyses were applied in which objective and subjective SES indicators were set as independent and individual psychological variables as dependent variables. Results: The students indicating upper class belonging showed more positive perception of their own health, greater satifaction with life, higher levels of optimism and less depressive symptomatology, and more external/internal locus of control. Conclusion: These fi ndings confi rmed the association between objective and subjective SES indicators and youth mental well-being that may support the development of health promotion and prevention programs.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)85-98
Number of pages14
JournalTarsadalomkutatas
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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social status
mental health
locus of control
optimism
health
satisfaction with life
upper class
student
self assessment
self-assessment
social inequality
social research
health promotion
well-being
logistics
adolescent
regression
questionnaire
autumn
education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law
  • Development

Cite this

Fiatalok mentális egészsége az objektív és szubjektív társadalmi mutatók tükrében. / Pálma, Kriston; Pikó, B.; Eszter, Kovács.

In: Tarsadalomkutatas, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2014, p. 85-98.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Detecting social inequalities in health in different stages of the lifecycle is one of the salient medical sociological researches. Objective: The main goal of the present study was to investigate adolescents' mental health (variables: optimism, depression, satisfaction with life, external/internal locus of control, self-perceived health) along objective (parental schooling) and subjective (SES self-assessment) indicators. Methods: The Youth Study was carried out in Szeged in autumn 2010 using a self-administered questionnaire. Altogether 656 high school students were sampled (aged between 14-21 years, mean of age = 16.5 years; S.D.: 1.5 years, 49.1{\%} females). As a method of analyses, logistic regression analyses were applied in which objective and subjective SES indicators were set as independent and individual psychological variables as dependent variables. Results: The students indicating upper class belonging showed more positive perception of their own health, greater satifaction with life, higher levels of optimism and less depressive symptomatology, and more external/internal locus of control. Conclusion: These fi ndings confi rmed the association between objective and subjective SES indicators and youth mental well-being that may support the development of health promotion and prevention programs.",
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