The study surveys the most characteristic features of the cognitive impairments in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and their possible causes through a survey of memory and language impairments. TLE as a chronic neurological disorder most frequently causes manifest changes (usually decrease) in the unfolding and normal functioning of memorial and language processing systems. The impact of epilepsy on cognitive functioning is not negative in all respects always. In certain cases chronic epilepsy and its surgical treatment can release very efficient reorganizations and functional compensations that may decrease the negative cognitive consequences and may provide data on the late plasticity of the human brain.
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