Mechanistic Study of Oscillations and Bistability in the Cu(II)-Catalyzed Reaction between H2O2 and KSCN

Yin Luo, Kenneth Kustin, Irving R. Epstein, Miklós Orbán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The CuSO4-catalyzed reaction of hydrogen peroxide with thiocyanate ion is the first example of a homogeneous, liquid phase, halogen-free system that oscillates under batch conditions. A detailed mechanism is proposed consisting of 30 reactions and 26 variables. The mechanism is constructed from two nonautocatalytic mechanisms for the subsystems alkaline H2O2-Cuso4 and H2O2-KSCN, coupled through various intermediates to construct a feedback network, which leads to oscillatory behavior in both batch and flow configurations. The integrated mechanism simulates very well the experimentally observed oscillations in absorbance and 02 evolution and two of the three kinds of bistability in a continuously stirred tank reactor. Two alternative mechanisms are also considered, providing insight into the general properties of oscillatory mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4541-4548
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume111
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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