Mechanistic investigation of platinum-catalysed hydroformylation of propene

A density functional study

Anikó Bedekovits, L. Kollár, T. Kégl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanism of hydroformylation of propene in the presence of both cis-PtH(SnCl3)(PH3)2 and trans-PtH(SnCl3)(PH3)2 catalysts has been investigated. A density functional study has been carried out for all of the elementary steps of the catalytic cycle, i.e. for the alkene coordination, for its insertion into the Pt-H bond, carbon monoxide activation and its subsequent insertion into the Pt-alkyl bond. Finally, the product forming step, the dihydrogen activation and aldehyde elimination have been investigated. It has been found that the regioselectivity of hydroformylation is determined in the olefin insertion step. The computed ratio of the linear regioisomer, n-butanal is predicted to be 83% when solvation corrections were employed, being in very good agreement with the experimental result. Among the elementary steps the hydrogenolysis has been found to be the slowest followed by the migratory carbon monoxide insertion step. Due to the crucial role of the trichlorostannato ligand the electronic effects of SnCl3 has been analysed employing the charge decomposition analysis (CDA), the natural bond orbital (NBO) and the atoms in molecules (AIM) methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2029-2045
Number of pages17
JournalInorganica Chimica Acta
Volume363
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 10 2010

Fingerprint

Hydroformylation
Alkenes
Carbon Monoxide
Platinum
Carbon monoxide
Olefins
Propylene
platinum
Chemical activation
insertion
Regioselectivity
Hydrogenolysis
Solvation
Aldehydes
carbon monoxide
Ligands
alkenes
Decomposition
Atoms
Catalysts

Keywords

  • Density functional calculations
  • Hydroformylation
  • Platinum
  • Reaction mechanism
  • Regioselectivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Mechanistic investigation of platinum-catalysed hydroformylation of propene : A density functional study. / Bedekovits, Anikó; Kollár, L.; Kégl, T.

In: Inorganica Chimica Acta, Vol. 363, No. 9, 10.06.2010, p. 2029-2045.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2d66d72709bb42ab9538480439ea932f,
title = "Mechanistic investigation of platinum-catalysed hydroformylation of propene: A density functional study",
abstract = "The mechanism of hydroformylation of propene in the presence of both cis-PtH(SnCl3)(PH3)2 and trans-PtH(SnCl3)(PH3)2 catalysts has been investigated. A density functional study has been carried out for all of the elementary steps of the catalytic cycle, i.e. for the alkene coordination, for its insertion into the Pt-H bond, carbon monoxide activation and its subsequent insertion into the Pt-alkyl bond. Finally, the product forming step, the dihydrogen activation and aldehyde elimination have been investigated. It has been found that the regioselectivity of hydroformylation is determined in the olefin insertion step. The computed ratio of the linear regioisomer, n-butanal is predicted to be 83{\%} when solvation corrections were employed, being in very good agreement with the experimental result. Among the elementary steps the hydrogenolysis has been found to be the slowest followed by the migratory carbon monoxide insertion step. Due to the crucial role of the trichlorostannato ligand the electronic effects of SnCl3 has been analysed employing the charge decomposition analysis (CDA), the natural bond orbital (NBO) and the atoms in molecules (AIM) methods.",
keywords = "Density functional calculations, Hydroformylation, Platinum, Reaction mechanism, Regioselectivity",
author = "Anik{\'o} Bedekovits and L. Koll{\'a}r and T. K{\'e}gl",
year = "2010",
month = "6",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.ica.2009.12.013",
language = "English",
volume = "363",
pages = "2029--2045",
journal = "Inorganica Chimica Acta",
issn = "0020-1693",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mechanistic investigation of platinum-catalysed hydroformylation of propene

T2 - A density functional study

AU - Bedekovits, Anikó

AU - Kollár, L.

AU - Kégl, T.

PY - 2010/6/10

Y1 - 2010/6/10

N2 - The mechanism of hydroformylation of propene in the presence of both cis-PtH(SnCl3)(PH3)2 and trans-PtH(SnCl3)(PH3)2 catalysts has been investigated. A density functional study has been carried out for all of the elementary steps of the catalytic cycle, i.e. for the alkene coordination, for its insertion into the Pt-H bond, carbon monoxide activation and its subsequent insertion into the Pt-alkyl bond. Finally, the product forming step, the dihydrogen activation and aldehyde elimination have been investigated. It has been found that the regioselectivity of hydroformylation is determined in the olefin insertion step. The computed ratio of the linear regioisomer, n-butanal is predicted to be 83% when solvation corrections were employed, being in very good agreement with the experimental result. Among the elementary steps the hydrogenolysis has been found to be the slowest followed by the migratory carbon monoxide insertion step. Due to the crucial role of the trichlorostannato ligand the electronic effects of SnCl3 has been analysed employing the charge decomposition analysis (CDA), the natural bond orbital (NBO) and the atoms in molecules (AIM) methods.

AB - The mechanism of hydroformylation of propene in the presence of both cis-PtH(SnCl3)(PH3)2 and trans-PtH(SnCl3)(PH3)2 catalysts has been investigated. A density functional study has been carried out for all of the elementary steps of the catalytic cycle, i.e. for the alkene coordination, for its insertion into the Pt-H bond, carbon monoxide activation and its subsequent insertion into the Pt-alkyl bond. Finally, the product forming step, the dihydrogen activation and aldehyde elimination have been investigated. It has been found that the regioselectivity of hydroformylation is determined in the olefin insertion step. The computed ratio of the linear regioisomer, n-butanal is predicted to be 83% when solvation corrections were employed, being in very good agreement with the experimental result. Among the elementary steps the hydrogenolysis has been found to be the slowest followed by the migratory carbon monoxide insertion step. Due to the crucial role of the trichlorostannato ligand the electronic effects of SnCl3 has been analysed employing the charge decomposition analysis (CDA), the natural bond orbital (NBO) and the atoms in molecules (AIM) methods.

KW - Density functional calculations

KW - Hydroformylation

KW - Platinum

KW - Reaction mechanism

KW - Regioselectivity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84962419454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84962419454&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ica.2009.12.013

DO - 10.1016/j.ica.2009.12.013

M3 - Article

VL - 363

SP - 2029

EP - 2045

JO - Inorganica Chimica Acta

JF - Inorganica Chimica Acta

SN - 0020-1693

IS - 9

ER -