Mechanical performance of stretched knitted fabric glass fibre reinforced poly(ethylene terephthalate) composites produced from commingled yarn

I. Putnoki, E. Moos, J. Karger-Kocsis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Weft knitted glass fibre (GF) fabric reinforced poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) composite sheets were manufactured by hot pressing of stacked plain knitted fabric layers. The knits were produced from a commingled yarn containing 70 wt-% (≈50 vol.-%) GF. The reinforcing knits were stretched in the wale direction at various ratios prior to consolidation. The PET matrix of the composite was either amorphous or semicrystalline. The static mechanical performance of the knitted GF-PET composite sheets was studied in tension, compression, and flexure. Measurements were carried out on specimens in both wale and course directions of the reinforcing knit in order to assess the structural anisotropy. The inherent anisotropy of the unstretched knit was well reflected in the strength data: the response in the wale direction was superior to that measured in the course direction. The mechanical anisotropy increased with increasing stretching of the knit. The dynamic perforation impact behaviour of the composites was determined by instrumented falling weight impact tests. The static and particularly the dynamic performance of the composites with amorphous PET was superior to that of the semicrystalline version.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalPlastics, Rubber and Composites Processing and Applications
Volume28
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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Polyethylene Terephthalates
Glass fibers
Polyethylene terephthalates
Yarn
Composite materials
Anisotropy
Hot pressing
Consolidation
Stretching
Compaction
fiberglass
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

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abstract = "Weft knitted glass fibre (GF) fabric reinforced poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) composite sheets were manufactured by hot pressing of stacked plain knitted fabric layers. The knits were produced from a commingled yarn containing 70 wt-{\%} (≈50 vol.-{\%}) GF. The reinforcing knits were stretched in the wale direction at various ratios prior to consolidation. The PET matrix of the composite was either amorphous or semicrystalline. The static mechanical performance of the knitted GF-PET composite sheets was studied in tension, compression, and flexure. Measurements were carried out on specimens in both wale and course directions of the reinforcing knit in order to assess the structural anisotropy. The inherent anisotropy of the unstretched knit was well reflected in the strength data: the response in the wale direction was superior to that measured in the course direction. The mechanical anisotropy increased with increasing stretching of the knit. The dynamic perforation impact behaviour of the composites was determined by instrumented falling weight impact tests. The static and particularly the dynamic performance of the composites with amorphous PET was superior to that of the semicrystalline version.",
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AU - Putnoki, I.

AU - Moos, E.

AU - Karger-Kocsis, J.

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - Weft knitted glass fibre (GF) fabric reinforced poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) composite sheets were manufactured by hot pressing of stacked plain knitted fabric layers. The knits were produced from a commingled yarn containing 70 wt-% (≈50 vol.-%) GF. The reinforcing knits were stretched in the wale direction at various ratios prior to consolidation. The PET matrix of the composite was either amorphous or semicrystalline. The static mechanical performance of the knitted GF-PET composite sheets was studied in tension, compression, and flexure. Measurements were carried out on specimens in both wale and course directions of the reinforcing knit in order to assess the structural anisotropy. The inherent anisotropy of the unstretched knit was well reflected in the strength data: the response in the wale direction was superior to that measured in the course direction. The mechanical anisotropy increased with increasing stretching of the knit. The dynamic perforation impact behaviour of the composites was determined by instrumented falling weight impact tests. The static and particularly the dynamic performance of the composites with amorphous PET was superior to that of the semicrystalline version.

AB - Weft knitted glass fibre (GF) fabric reinforced poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) composite sheets were manufactured by hot pressing of stacked plain knitted fabric layers. The knits were produced from a commingled yarn containing 70 wt-% (≈50 vol.-%) GF. The reinforcing knits were stretched in the wale direction at various ratios prior to consolidation. The PET matrix of the composite was either amorphous or semicrystalline. The static mechanical performance of the knitted GF-PET composite sheets was studied in tension, compression, and flexure. Measurements were carried out on specimens in both wale and course directions of the reinforcing knit in order to assess the structural anisotropy. The inherent anisotropy of the unstretched knit was well reflected in the strength data: the response in the wale direction was superior to that measured in the course direction. The mechanical anisotropy increased with increasing stretching of the knit. The dynamic perforation impact behaviour of the composites was determined by instrumented falling weight impact tests. The static and particularly the dynamic performance of the composites with amorphous PET was superior to that of the semicrystalline version.

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