MASP-1 of the complement system alters fibrinolytic behaviour of blood clots

Lorenz Jenny, Danilo Noser, Julie Brogaard Larsen, József Dobó, Péter Gál, Gábor Pál, Verena Schroeder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The lectin pathway serine protease mannan-binding lectin-associated serine protease 1 (MASP-1) has been demonstrated to be a major link between complement and coagulation, yet little is known about its interactions with the fibrinolytic system. The aim of this work was to assess the effects of MASP-1 on fibrin clot lysis in different experimental settings. Methods: Rotational thrombelastometry was used to evaluate the effect of MASP-1 on the lysis of clots formed in whole blood under static conditions. Whole blood clots were also formed in the presence and absence of MASP-1 under flow conditions in the Chandler loop and their lysis was analysed separately by fluorescence release of incorporated labelled fibrin. Real-time observation by laser scanning confocal microscopy was used to investigate the lysis of plasma clots where MASP-1 was present either during clot formation or lysis. Cleavage of tPA or plasminogen by MASP-1 was analysed by gel electrophoresis. We performed a turbidimetric clot lysis assay in the presence and absence of the MASP-1 inhibitor SGMI-1 (Schistocerca gregaria protease inhibitor (SGPI)-based MASP inhibitor-1) to evaluate the effect of endogenous MASP-1 in normal plasma and plasma samples from sepsis patients. Results: In the thrombelastometric experiments, where MASP-1 was present during the entire clotting and lysis process, MASP-1 had a significant profibrinolytic effect and accelerated clot lysis. When clots were formed in the presence of MASP-1 under flow in the Chandler loop, the effects on fibrinolysis were heterogenous with impaired fibrinolysis in some individuals (n = 5) and no (n = 3) or even the opposite effect (n = 2) in others. In plasma clot lysis observed by confocal microscopy, lysis was prolonged when MASP-1 was added to the lysis solution, yet there was no difference in lysis time when MASP-1 was present during clot formation. When MASP-1 was incubated with tPA or plasminogen, respectively, cleavage of single-chain tPA into two-chain tPA and a slight reduction of plasminogen were observed. SGMI-1 significantly prolonged clot lysis in the turbidimetric clot lysis assay suggesting that MASP-1 accelerated lysis in plasma samples. Conclusion: MASP-1 is able to alter the susceptibility of blood clots to the fibrinolytic system. MASP-1 has complex, mostly promoting effects on fibrinolysis with high inter-individual variation. Interactions of MASP-1 with the fibrinolytic system may be relevant in the development and therapy of cardiovascular and thrombotic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Clot formation
  • Coagulation
  • Complement
  • Fibrinolysis
  • MASP-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology

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