A panel of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) specific for the Cγ2, Cγ3 or inter Cγ2/Cγ3 domain epitopes was tested for inhibition of antibody‐dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) specific for anti‐D IgG‐coated erythrocytes. Significant inhibition of ADCC was demonstrable for some antibodies having specificity for Cγ2 or Cγ3 domain epitopes, while others gave no inhibition. Fab fragments of a representative Cγ2‐specific antibody (A55) and Cγ3‐specific antibody (x3a8) retained their inhibitory capacity in lymphocyte‐mediated ADCC, but only A55 Fab inhibited monocyte‐mediated lysis. Furthermore, the Fab portion of A55 completely abolished the complement‐dependent enhancement of ADCC mediated by concanavalin A‐stimulated cells, while x3a8 Fab had no effect in this system. On the other hand, x3a8 Fab inhibited the binding of anti‐D IgG‐sensitized erythrocytes to lymphocytes while A55 Fab did not influence this latter interaction. The results suggest that Cγ2 domain‐FcR interaction is essential for the triggering of lytic process both in lymphocyte and in monocyte‐mediated ADCC, while Cγ3 domain has no role in the latter but is responsible for the appropriate contact between effector lymphocytes and target cells. A site in the region of Lys274 appears to be critical for triggering of both lymphocyte and monocyte‐mediated ADCC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy