Mapping fluorescence enhancement of plasmonic nanorod coupled dye molecules

Emese Tóth, Ditta Ungor, Tibor Novák, Györgyi Ferenc, Balázs Bánhelyi, Edit Csapó, Miklós Erdélyi, Mária Csete

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Plasmonically enhanced fluorescence is a widely studied and applied phenomenon, however, only a comparative theoretical and experimental analysis of coupled fluorophores and plasmonic nanoresonators makes it possible to uncover how this phenomenon can be controlled. A numerical optimization method was applied to design configurations that are capable of resulting in an enhancement of excitation and emission, moreover, of both phenomena simultaneously in coupled Cy5 dye molecule and gold nanorod systems. Parametric sensitivity studies revealed how the fluorescence enhancement depends on the molecule’s location, distance and orientation. Coupled systems designed for simultaneous improvement exhibited the highest (intermediate directional) total fluorescence enhancement, which is accompanied by intermediate sensitivity to the molecule’s parameters, except the location and orientation sensitivity at the excitation wavelength. Gold nanorods with a geometry corresponding to the predicted optimal configurations were synthesized, and DNA strands were used to control the Cy5 dye molecule distance from the nanorod surface via hybridization of the Cy5-labelled oligonucleotide. State-of-the-art dSTORM microscopy was used to accomplish a proof-of-concept experimental demonstration of the theoretically predicted (directional) total fluorescence enhancement. The measured fluorescence enhancement was in good agreement with theoretical predictions, thus providing a complete kit to design and prepare coupled nanosystems exhibiting plasmonically enhanced fluorescence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1048
JournalNanomaterials
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Cy5 dye molecule
  • DNA
  • Enhanced fluorescence
  • Gold nanorod
  • Optimization
  • Plasmon resonance
  • STORM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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