Mannitol for acute stroke.

D. Bereczki, M. Liu, G. F. do Prado, I. Fekete

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mannitol is an osmotic agent and a free radical scavenger so it might decrease oedema and tissue damage in stroke. OBJECTIVES: To test whether treatment with mannitol reduces short and long-term case fatality and dependency after acute ischaemic stroke or cerebral parenchymal haemorrhage. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Specialised Trials Register. In addition to this, supplementary MEDLINE searches were performed. The Chinese Stroke Trials Register was checked and the Latin-American databank LILACS was searched with the search term MANNITOL and its variations in the Portuguese and Spanish languages. A search was performed of Masters and Ph.D. degree theses in the databank of Sao Paulo University, and in abstracts of medical congresses on neurology and neurosurgery from 1965 to 1997 in Brazil. SELECTION CRITERIA: Truly randomised unconfounded clinical trials comparing the effect of mannitol with placebo or open control in patients with acute ischaemic stroke or parenchymal haemorrhage were eligible for inclusion. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two reviewers independently selected the trials to be included in the review. After reaching an agreement on which trials to include, two of the reviewers extracted data from the trials and performed the data analysis. Accuracy of data extraction was checked by comparing the results. Included trials were tabulated for methodological quality including the method of randomisation and blinding, and stating if CT was performed, if patients were lost to follow-up and if intention-to-treat analysis was performed. Data synthesis and analysis was performed using the Cochrane Review Manager software. MAIN RESULTS: Only one trial fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The number of included patients was small (36 treated and 41 controls) and the follow up was short. Neither beneficial nor harmful effects of mannitol could be proved. Case fatality, the proportion of dependent patients at the end of the follow up and side effects were not reported and were not available from the investigators. The planned outcome analyses and sensitivity analyses could not be performed due to lack of appropriate trials. REVIEWER'S CONCLUSIONS: There is currently not enough evidence to decide whether the routine use of mannitol in acute stroke would result in any beneficial or harmful effect. The routine use of mannitol in all patients with acute stroke is not supported by any evidence from randomised controlled clinical trials. Further trials are needed to confirm or refute the routine use of mannitol in acute stroke.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Mannitol
Stroke
Randomized Controlled Trials
Databases
Free Radical Scavengers
Intention to Treat Analysis
Lost to Follow-Up
Cerebral Hemorrhage
Neurosurgery
Neurology
Random Allocation
MEDLINE
Brazil
Edema
Language
Software
Placebos
Research Personnel
Hemorrhage

Cite this

Mannitol for acute stroke. / Bereczki, D.; Liu, M.; do Prado, G. F.; Fekete, I.

In: Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online), No. 1, 2001.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Mannitol for acute stroke.",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Mannitol is an osmotic agent and a free radical scavenger so it might decrease oedema and tissue damage in stroke. OBJECTIVES: To test whether treatment with mannitol reduces short and long-term case fatality and dependency after acute ischaemic stroke or cerebral parenchymal haemorrhage. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Specialised Trials Register. In addition to this, supplementary MEDLINE searches were performed. The Chinese Stroke Trials Register was checked and the Latin-American databank LILACS was searched with the search term MANNITOL and its variations in the Portuguese and Spanish languages. A search was performed of Masters and Ph.D. degree theses in the databank of Sao Paulo University, and in abstracts of medical congresses on neurology and neurosurgery from 1965 to 1997 in Brazil. SELECTION CRITERIA: Truly randomised unconfounded clinical trials comparing the effect of mannitol with placebo or open control in patients with acute ischaemic stroke or parenchymal haemorrhage were eligible for inclusion. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two reviewers independently selected the trials to be included in the review. After reaching an agreement on which trials to include, two of the reviewers extracted data from the trials and performed the data analysis. Accuracy of data extraction was checked by comparing the results. Included trials were tabulated for methodological quality including the method of randomisation and blinding, and stating if CT was performed, if patients were lost to follow-up and if intention-to-treat analysis was performed. Data synthesis and analysis was performed using the Cochrane Review Manager software. MAIN RESULTS: Only one trial fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The number of included patients was small (36 treated and 41 controls) and the follow up was short. Neither beneficial nor harmful effects of mannitol could be proved. Case fatality, the proportion of dependent patients at the end of the follow up and side effects were not reported and were not available from the investigators. The planned outcome analyses and sensitivity analyses could not be performed due to lack of appropriate trials. REVIEWER'S CONCLUSIONS: There is currently not enough evidence to decide whether the routine use of mannitol in acute stroke would result in any beneficial or harmful effect. The routine use of mannitol in all patients with acute stroke is not supported by any evidence from randomised controlled clinical trials. Further trials are needed to confirm or refute the routine use of mannitol in acute stroke.",
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N2 - BACKGROUND: Mannitol is an osmotic agent and a free radical scavenger so it might decrease oedema and tissue damage in stroke. OBJECTIVES: To test whether treatment with mannitol reduces short and long-term case fatality and dependency after acute ischaemic stroke or cerebral parenchymal haemorrhage. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Specialised Trials Register. In addition to this, supplementary MEDLINE searches were performed. The Chinese Stroke Trials Register was checked and the Latin-American databank LILACS was searched with the search term MANNITOL and its variations in the Portuguese and Spanish languages. A search was performed of Masters and Ph.D. degree theses in the databank of Sao Paulo University, and in abstracts of medical congresses on neurology and neurosurgery from 1965 to 1997 in Brazil. SELECTION CRITERIA: Truly randomised unconfounded clinical trials comparing the effect of mannitol with placebo or open control in patients with acute ischaemic stroke or parenchymal haemorrhage were eligible for inclusion. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two reviewers independently selected the trials to be included in the review. After reaching an agreement on which trials to include, two of the reviewers extracted data from the trials and performed the data analysis. Accuracy of data extraction was checked by comparing the results. Included trials were tabulated for methodological quality including the method of randomisation and blinding, and stating if CT was performed, if patients were lost to follow-up and if intention-to-treat analysis was performed. Data synthesis and analysis was performed using the Cochrane Review Manager software. MAIN RESULTS: Only one trial fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The number of included patients was small (36 treated and 41 controls) and the follow up was short. Neither beneficial nor harmful effects of mannitol could be proved. Case fatality, the proportion of dependent patients at the end of the follow up and side effects were not reported and were not available from the investigators. The planned outcome analyses and sensitivity analyses could not be performed due to lack of appropriate trials. REVIEWER'S CONCLUSIONS: There is currently not enough evidence to decide whether the routine use of mannitol in acute stroke would result in any beneficial or harmful effect. The routine use of mannitol in all patients with acute stroke is not supported by any evidence from randomised controlled clinical trials. Further trials are needed to confirm or refute the routine use of mannitol in acute stroke.

AB - BACKGROUND: Mannitol is an osmotic agent and a free radical scavenger so it might decrease oedema and tissue damage in stroke. OBJECTIVES: To test whether treatment with mannitol reduces short and long-term case fatality and dependency after acute ischaemic stroke or cerebral parenchymal haemorrhage. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Specialised Trials Register. In addition to this, supplementary MEDLINE searches were performed. The Chinese Stroke Trials Register was checked and the Latin-American databank LILACS was searched with the search term MANNITOL and its variations in the Portuguese and Spanish languages. A search was performed of Masters and Ph.D. degree theses in the databank of Sao Paulo University, and in abstracts of medical congresses on neurology and neurosurgery from 1965 to 1997 in Brazil. SELECTION CRITERIA: Truly randomised unconfounded clinical trials comparing the effect of mannitol with placebo or open control in patients with acute ischaemic stroke or parenchymal haemorrhage were eligible for inclusion. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two reviewers independently selected the trials to be included in the review. After reaching an agreement on which trials to include, two of the reviewers extracted data from the trials and performed the data analysis. Accuracy of data extraction was checked by comparing the results. Included trials were tabulated for methodological quality including the method of randomisation and blinding, and stating if CT was performed, if patients were lost to follow-up and if intention-to-treat analysis was performed. Data synthesis and analysis was performed using the Cochrane Review Manager software. MAIN RESULTS: Only one trial fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The number of included patients was small (36 treated and 41 controls) and the follow up was short. Neither beneficial nor harmful effects of mannitol could be proved. Case fatality, the proportion of dependent patients at the end of the follow up and side effects were not reported and were not available from the investigators. The planned outcome analyses and sensitivity analyses could not be performed due to lack of appropriate trials. REVIEWER'S CONCLUSIONS: There is currently not enough evidence to decide whether the routine use of mannitol in acute stroke would result in any beneficial or harmful effect. The routine use of mannitol in all patients with acute stroke is not supported by any evidence from randomised controlled clinical trials. Further trials are needed to confirm or refute the routine use of mannitol in acute stroke.

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