A case of a 66-year-old man with recurrent episodes of syncope is reported. The syncopal attacks started five years ago in sitting and standing positions. At the time of admission the fainting attacks occurred 2-3 times per day. The diagnostic tests revealed severe orthostatic hypotension. The medical treatment was started with salt enriched diet and fludrocortisone. The efficacy of the therapy was tested by using the tilt table test with a self developed computer system consisting of a non-invasive finger blood pressure monitor and ECG. The orthostatic tolerance improved with the medical therapy, however remained unsatisfactory for the patient's daily activity. Though the patient had less frequent symptoms, he had still sustained episodes of recurrent syncopes. The medical therapy was than combined with sleeping in the 15 degrees head-up-tilt position. The repeat tilt table test was performed two weeks after initiation of the 15 degrees head-up-tilt sleeping. The orthostatic tolerance was markedly improved. The patient became free of symptoms and during a four-week follow-up his condition remained stable. At the control the patient reported about deterioration of his symptoms as a result of the discontinuation of sleeping in "head-up-tilt" position for two weeks. The objective signs leading to aggravate his symptoms was documented by the tilt table test. We reinstituted the "head-up-tilt" sleeping in his therapeutic management.
|Translated title of the contribution||Management of severe orthostatic hypotension by head-up-tilt posture and administration of fludrocortisone|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 27 1996|
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