Malignant melanoma, the disease originating from pigment cells of the skin, mucous membrane, eye and rarely from other tissues, shows increasing incidence In the Caucasian population. The Hungarian statistical data correspond with the data of other countries. In the early stages of malignant melanoma surgical removal of the tumor Is often curative, but patients with disseminated tumors have a poor survival rate. Regrettably, in Hungary the majority of melanoma patients are diagnosed with advanced tumors, with nodal or systemic metastasis. Physicians working In other fields of medicine have a great responsibility In patient education and In early detection of susceptible pigmented lesions. Diagnosis and treatment of malignant melanoma requires an experienced dermatologist. The clinical diagnosis of melanoma is aided by several new techniques, like digital dermatoscopy. In recent years, surgical therapy of malignant melanoma has changed: today we routinely perform sentinel node biopsy. This type of surgical technique requires experience. In advanced disease the use of chemotherapy and immunotherapy requires onco-dermatological experience. Educating the public and physicians provides the basis for prevention. Survival rate is mainly dependent on the quality of primary care which determines survival rate, therefore It is essential that patients with melanomas are followed up in onco-dermatological centers. malignant melanoma, risk groups, demographic data, therapy.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Lege Artis Medicinae|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2005|
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