Male and female face of Machiavellianism: Opportunism or anxiety?

Andrea Czibor, Zsolt Peter Szabo, Daniel N. Jones, Andras Norbert Zsido, Tunde Paal, Linda Szijjarto, Jessica R. Carre, Tamas Bereczkei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


The relationship between Machiavellianism and emotion management features is highly debated. In our study we try to clarify the controversial findings by highlighting the role of gender differences. Three studies with different (undergraduate and employed) participants were conducted to investigate gender differences in Machiavellianism-related personality characteristics. We used different measures of Machiavellianism and explored their connection with temperament and character traits (Study 1), with scales of six-factor (HEXACO) model of personality (Study 2), and with different types of psychopathy and narcissism (Study 3). Our results show that there are gender differences in the connection of Machiavellianism and other personality traits, and that most of the differences were found in the field of emotion management. We found that women's Machiavellianism scores were correlated with harm avoidant, anxious, vulnerable, hypersensitive features, while Machiavellianism among men was associated with risk taking, self-confidence, and an opportunistic worldview.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-229
Number of pages9
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2017



  • Anxiety
  • Dark Triad
  • Gender
  • Machiavellianism
  • Opportunism
  • TCI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Czibor, A., Szabo, Z. P., Jones, D. N., Zsido, A. N., Paal, T., Szijjarto, L., Carre, J. R., & Bereczkei, T. (2017). Male and female face of Machiavellianism: Opportunism or anxiety? Personality and Individual Differences, 117, 221-229.