Major role of nitric oxide in the mediation of regional CO2 responsiveness of the cerebral and spinal cord vessels of the cat

P. Sandor, K. Komjati, M. Reivich, I. Nyary

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57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the mediation of cerebrovascular CO2 responsiveness was studied in 10 distinct brain and spinal cord regions of the anesthetized, ventilated, temperature-controlled, normoxic cat. Regional CBF was measured with 15-μm radiolabeled microspheres in hypocapnic, normocapnic, and hypercapnic conditions. CO2 responsiveness of each region was determined from the equation of the best-fit regression lines to the obtained flow values. The effect of altered endothelial and/or neuronal NO synthesis on CO2 responsiveness was studied following either selective blockade of the NO synthase enzyme by N(ω)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L- NAME; 3 or 30 mg/kg i.v.) or simultaneous administration of L-NAME (3 mg/kg i.v.) and a large dose of the NO precursor L-arginine (30 mg/kg i.v.). Blockade of NO synthesis by 30 mg/kg L-NAME resulted in a significant reduction of the steady-state regional blood flow values and in an almost complete abolition of the CO2 sensitivity in each region studied. Changes of the basal flow values as well as the reduction of the regional CO2 sensitivity were dose dependent. Hypothalamic, sensorimotor cortical, and cerebellar regions were the areas most sensitive to the NO blockade. Impaired CO2 responsiveness following NO synthase inhibition, however, was reversed in these regions by simultaneous administration of a large dose of intravenously injected L-arginine. These findings suggest a major role of nitric oxide in the mediation of regional cerebrovascular CO2 responsiveness in cats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-58
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1994

Keywords

  • CO responsiveness
  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Endothelium-derived relaxing factor
  • L-Arginine
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Spinal cord blood flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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