We present results of first-principles calculations of the magnetic properties of Fe chains deposited on the Re(0001) surface. By increasing the length of the chain, a transition is found from an almost collinear antiferromagnetic state for a five-atom-long chain to a spin spiral state with the rotational plane slightly tilted from the surface of the substrate for the 15-atom-long chain. It is shown that a classical spin model derived from the ab initio calculations containing only two-spin interactions supports opposite chirality of the spin spiral compared to a direct optimization of the spin configuration within the ab initio method. The differences between the results of the two methods can be understood by introducing chiral four-spin interactions in the spin model.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics