Magnetic phase diagrams of amorphous (Ni100-xFex)-metalloid alloys: The key role of the electronic density of states at the Fermi level for the onset of magnetic order

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Abstract

There have been extended studies on the appearance of ferromagnetism in transition-metal–metalloid (MD) glasses. In particular, the paramagnetic (PM) to ferromagnetic (FM) transition has been investigated on numerous (Ni100-xFex)-MD alloys upon the introduction of Fe where MD can represent a combination of various metalloid elements, while keeping the metal/metalloid ratio constant. It has been reported that adding a sufficient amount of Fe to a Pauli PM Ni-MD alloy matrix first induces a spin-glass (SG) state at low temperatures which goes over to a PM state at higher temperatures. Beyond a certain Fe content, xc, the SG state transforms to a FM state upon increasing the temperature. By plotting the characteristic transition temperatures as a function of the Fe content, a magnetic phase diagram can be constructed for each Ni-Fe-MD system which has a multicritical point (MCP) at xc. By using the reported magnetic phase diagrams of various Ni-Fe-MD alloy systems, it is shown that the critical Fe content, xc scales inversely with the density of states at the Fermi level, N(EF), of the parent Ni-MD matrix. This means that the higher the N(EF), the lower the critical Fe content to induce ferromagnetism in the Ni-MD matrix. This is then discussed in terms of the Stoner enhancement factor, S, which characterizes the tendency of the matrix to become ferromagnetic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-332
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume441
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

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Metalloids
Electronic density of states
metalloids
Fermi level
Phase diagrams
Spin glass
Ferromagnetism
phase diagrams
matrices
electronics
spin glass
ferromagnetism
Chemical elements
Temperature
Superconducting transition temperature
Glass transition
plotting
Metals
tendencies
transition temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "Magnetic phase diagrams of amorphous (Ni100-xFex)-metalloid alloys: The key role of the electronic density of states at the Fermi level for the onset of magnetic order",
abstract = "There have been extended studies on the appearance of ferromagnetism in transition-metal–metalloid (MD) glasses. In particular, the paramagnetic (PM) to ferromagnetic (FM) transition has been investigated on numerous (Ni100-xFex)-MD alloys upon the introduction of Fe where MD can represent a combination of various metalloid elements, while keeping the metal/metalloid ratio constant. It has been reported that adding a sufficient amount of Fe to a Pauli PM Ni-MD alloy matrix first induces a spin-glass (SG) state at low temperatures which goes over to a PM state at higher temperatures. Beyond a certain Fe content, xc, the SG state transforms to a FM state upon increasing the temperature. By plotting the characteristic transition temperatures as a function of the Fe content, a magnetic phase diagram can be constructed for each Ni-Fe-MD system which has a multicritical point (MCP) at xc. By using the reported magnetic phase diagrams of various Ni-Fe-MD alloy systems, it is shown that the critical Fe content, xc scales inversely with the density of states at the Fermi level, N(EF), of the parent Ni-MD matrix. This means that the higher the N(EF), the lower the critical Fe content to induce ferromagnetism in the Ni-MD matrix. This is then discussed in terms of the Stoner enhancement factor, S, which characterizes the tendency of the matrix to become ferromagnetic.",
author = "L. Kiss and I. Bakonyi",
year = "2017",
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language = "English",
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AU - Kiss, L.

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N2 - There have been extended studies on the appearance of ferromagnetism in transition-metal–metalloid (MD) glasses. In particular, the paramagnetic (PM) to ferromagnetic (FM) transition has been investigated on numerous (Ni100-xFex)-MD alloys upon the introduction of Fe where MD can represent a combination of various metalloid elements, while keeping the metal/metalloid ratio constant. It has been reported that adding a sufficient amount of Fe to a Pauli PM Ni-MD alloy matrix first induces a spin-glass (SG) state at low temperatures which goes over to a PM state at higher temperatures. Beyond a certain Fe content, xc, the SG state transforms to a FM state upon increasing the temperature. By plotting the characteristic transition temperatures as a function of the Fe content, a magnetic phase diagram can be constructed for each Ni-Fe-MD system which has a multicritical point (MCP) at xc. By using the reported magnetic phase diagrams of various Ni-Fe-MD alloy systems, it is shown that the critical Fe content, xc scales inversely with the density of states at the Fermi level, N(EF), of the parent Ni-MD matrix. This means that the higher the N(EF), the lower the critical Fe content to induce ferromagnetism in the Ni-MD matrix. This is then discussed in terms of the Stoner enhancement factor, S, which characterizes the tendency of the matrix to become ferromagnetic.

AB - There have been extended studies on the appearance of ferromagnetism in transition-metal–metalloid (MD) glasses. In particular, the paramagnetic (PM) to ferromagnetic (FM) transition has been investigated on numerous (Ni100-xFex)-MD alloys upon the introduction of Fe where MD can represent a combination of various metalloid elements, while keeping the metal/metalloid ratio constant. It has been reported that adding a sufficient amount of Fe to a Pauli PM Ni-MD alloy matrix first induces a spin-glass (SG) state at low temperatures which goes over to a PM state at higher temperatures. Beyond a certain Fe content, xc, the SG state transforms to a FM state upon increasing the temperature. By plotting the characteristic transition temperatures as a function of the Fe content, a magnetic phase diagram can be constructed for each Ni-Fe-MD system which has a multicritical point (MCP) at xc. By using the reported magnetic phase diagrams of various Ni-Fe-MD alloy systems, it is shown that the critical Fe content, xc scales inversely with the density of states at the Fermi level, N(EF), of the parent Ni-MD matrix. This means that the higher the N(EF), the lower the critical Fe content to induce ferromagnetism in the Ni-MD matrix. This is then discussed in terms of the Stoner enhancement factor, S, which characterizes the tendency of the matrix to become ferromagnetic.

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