Magnetic monitoring, geochemical and mineralogical analysis of settled dust from North and Central Transdanubia, Hungary

E. Márton, Norbert Zajzon, Péter Lautner, Péter Sipos, Tibor Szentmarjay, Mihály Pethe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ferromagnetic grains in airborne dust are important indicators of vehicle traffic, some industrial sources and combustion/heating. Settled dust consists mainly of diamagnetic material; therefore accessory ferromagnetic grains are readily indicated by magnetic measurements. In this paper settled dust samples collected on a monthly basis in the years 2008-2011 were studied. Non-destructive magnetic measurements were followed by geochemical and mineralogical analyses. In selected samples we identified airborne anthropogenic materials (e.g. silicate and magnetite spherules), minerals from the natural environment and organic material. Seasonally appearing materials (e.g. soot in winter, plant fragments and pollen in summer) increased the mass of the settled dust, but not the magnetic susceptibility. Thus, we realized that the generally interpreted mass susceptibility in environmental magnetic studies would not always appropriately characterize the magnetic pollution. In the interpretation we gave preference to total susceptibility because of its direct connection to the pollution, except in comparison with metal concentrations.Trends in magnetic pollution were eventually analyzed for 19 sampling sites. Irrespective of the degree and source of the pollution the monthly variation curves of magnetic susceptibility exhibit a general maximum (March-April), followed by gradual decrease. A corresponding peak is observed in the amounts of dust. Both can be explained by re-suspension of dust settled in winter. The additional maxima in the mass of the dust (June and August, respectively) are probably due to contribution from vegetation and/or an artifact from algaecide. For three key sampling sites comparison was made between the concentrations of 12 metals and the respective mass susceptibilities and good linear correlation was found for Fe, Mn and Zn for all, for Cr, Cu, Pb, V, Ba, Sr and Zr for two sampling sites. Cd, which is enriched in all samples, does not correlate with the magnetic susceptibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-364
Number of pages18
JournalCentral European Geology
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2012

Fingerprint

dust
monitoring
magnetic susceptibility
pollution
sampling
spherule
metal
winter
soot
analysis
resuspension
artifact
magnetite
pollen
silicate
combustion
heating
material
vegetation
summer

Keywords

  • composition
  • Environmental magnetism
  • Hungarian air monitoring stations
  • long-term susceptibility trends
  • mass susceptibility
  • settled dust
  • total susceptibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

Cite this

Magnetic monitoring, geochemical and mineralogical analysis of settled dust from North and Central Transdanubia, Hungary. / Márton, E.; Zajzon, Norbert; Lautner, Péter; Sipos, Péter; Szentmarjay, Tibor; Pethe, Mihály.

In: Central European Geology, Vol. 55, No. 4, 01.12.2012, p. 347-364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Márton, E. ; Zajzon, Norbert ; Lautner, Péter ; Sipos, Péter ; Szentmarjay, Tibor ; Pethe, Mihály. / Magnetic monitoring, geochemical and mineralogical analysis of settled dust from North and Central Transdanubia, Hungary. In: Central European Geology. 2012 ; Vol. 55, No. 4. pp. 347-364.
@article{5e8349d0b37e4219abefc43ebd16cf6a,
title = "Magnetic monitoring, geochemical and mineralogical analysis of settled dust from North and Central Transdanubia, Hungary",
abstract = "Ferromagnetic grains in airborne dust are important indicators of vehicle traffic, some industrial sources and combustion/heating. Settled dust consists mainly of diamagnetic material; therefore accessory ferromagnetic grains are readily indicated by magnetic measurements. In this paper settled dust samples collected on a monthly basis in the years 2008-2011 were studied. Non-destructive magnetic measurements were followed by geochemical and mineralogical analyses. In selected samples we identified airborne anthropogenic materials (e.g. silicate and magnetite spherules), minerals from the natural environment and organic material. Seasonally appearing materials (e.g. soot in winter, plant fragments and pollen in summer) increased the mass of the settled dust, but not the magnetic susceptibility. Thus, we realized that the generally interpreted mass susceptibility in environmental magnetic studies would not always appropriately characterize the magnetic pollution. In the interpretation we gave preference to total susceptibility because of its direct connection to the pollution, except in comparison with metal concentrations.Trends in magnetic pollution were eventually analyzed for 19 sampling sites. Irrespective of the degree and source of the pollution the monthly variation curves of magnetic susceptibility exhibit a general maximum (March-April), followed by gradual decrease. A corresponding peak is observed in the amounts of dust. Both can be explained by re-suspension of dust settled in winter. The additional maxima in the mass of the dust (June and August, respectively) are probably due to contribution from vegetation and/or an artifact from algaecide. For three key sampling sites comparison was made between the concentrations of 12 metals and the respective mass susceptibilities and good linear correlation was found for Fe, Mn and Zn for all, for Cr, Cu, Pb, V, Ba, Sr and Zr for two sampling sites. Cd, which is enriched in all samples, does not correlate with the magnetic susceptibility.",
keywords = "composition, Environmental magnetism, Hungarian air monitoring stations, long-term susceptibility trends, mass susceptibility, settled dust, total susceptibility",
author = "E. M{\'a}rton and Norbert Zajzon and P{\'e}ter Lautner and P{\'e}ter Sipos and Tibor Szentmarjay and Mih{\'a}ly Pethe",
year = "2012",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1556/CEuGeol.55.2012.4.1",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "347--364",
journal = "Central European Geology",
issn = "1788-2281",
publisher = "Akademiai Kiado",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Magnetic monitoring, geochemical and mineralogical analysis of settled dust from North and Central Transdanubia, Hungary

AU - Márton, E.

AU - Zajzon, Norbert

AU - Lautner, Péter

AU - Sipos, Péter

AU - Szentmarjay, Tibor

AU - Pethe, Mihály

PY - 2012/12/1

Y1 - 2012/12/1

N2 - Ferromagnetic grains in airborne dust are important indicators of vehicle traffic, some industrial sources and combustion/heating. Settled dust consists mainly of diamagnetic material; therefore accessory ferromagnetic grains are readily indicated by magnetic measurements. In this paper settled dust samples collected on a monthly basis in the years 2008-2011 were studied. Non-destructive magnetic measurements were followed by geochemical and mineralogical analyses. In selected samples we identified airborne anthropogenic materials (e.g. silicate and magnetite spherules), minerals from the natural environment and organic material. Seasonally appearing materials (e.g. soot in winter, plant fragments and pollen in summer) increased the mass of the settled dust, but not the magnetic susceptibility. Thus, we realized that the generally interpreted mass susceptibility in environmental magnetic studies would not always appropriately characterize the magnetic pollution. In the interpretation we gave preference to total susceptibility because of its direct connection to the pollution, except in comparison with metal concentrations.Trends in magnetic pollution were eventually analyzed for 19 sampling sites. Irrespective of the degree and source of the pollution the monthly variation curves of magnetic susceptibility exhibit a general maximum (March-April), followed by gradual decrease. A corresponding peak is observed in the amounts of dust. Both can be explained by re-suspension of dust settled in winter. The additional maxima in the mass of the dust (June and August, respectively) are probably due to contribution from vegetation and/or an artifact from algaecide. For three key sampling sites comparison was made between the concentrations of 12 metals and the respective mass susceptibilities and good linear correlation was found for Fe, Mn and Zn for all, for Cr, Cu, Pb, V, Ba, Sr and Zr for two sampling sites. Cd, which is enriched in all samples, does not correlate with the magnetic susceptibility.

AB - Ferromagnetic grains in airborne dust are important indicators of vehicle traffic, some industrial sources and combustion/heating. Settled dust consists mainly of diamagnetic material; therefore accessory ferromagnetic grains are readily indicated by magnetic measurements. In this paper settled dust samples collected on a monthly basis in the years 2008-2011 were studied. Non-destructive magnetic measurements were followed by geochemical and mineralogical analyses. In selected samples we identified airborne anthropogenic materials (e.g. silicate and magnetite spherules), minerals from the natural environment and organic material. Seasonally appearing materials (e.g. soot in winter, plant fragments and pollen in summer) increased the mass of the settled dust, but not the magnetic susceptibility. Thus, we realized that the generally interpreted mass susceptibility in environmental magnetic studies would not always appropriately characterize the magnetic pollution. In the interpretation we gave preference to total susceptibility because of its direct connection to the pollution, except in comparison with metal concentrations.Trends in magnetic pollution were eventually analyzed for 19 sampling sites. Irrespective of the degree and source of the pollution the monthly variation curves of magnetic susceptibility exhibit a general maximum (March-April), followed by gradual decrease. A corresponding peak is observed in the amounts of dust. Both can be explained by re-suspension of dust settled in winter. The additional maxima in the mass of the dust (June and August, respectively) are probably due to contribution from vegetation and/or an artifact from algaecide. For three key sampling sites comparison was made between the concentrations of 12 metals and the respective mass susceptibilities and good linear correlation was found for Fe, Mn and Zn for all, for Cr, Cu, Pb, V, Ba, Sr and Zr for two sampling sites. Cd, which is enriched in all samples, does not correlate with the magnetic susceptibility.

KW - composition

KW - Environmental magnetism

KW - Hungarian air monitoring stations

KW - long-term susceptibility trends

KW - mass susceptibility

KW - settled dust

KW - total susceptibility

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84893043080&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84893043080&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1556/CEuGeol.55.2012.4.1

DO - 10.1556/CEuGeol.55.2012.4.1

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 347

EP - 364

JO - Central European Geology

JF - Central European Geology

SN - 1788-2281

IS - 4

ER -