Magnetic anisotropy of monoatomic iron chains embedded in copper

Markus Eisenbach, Balazs L. Györffy, G. Malcolm Stocks, Balazs Újfalussy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)


We have calculated the anisotropic magnetic properties of monoatomic chains of iron atoms embedded in fcc copper. The calculations are based on a relativistic extension of the locally self-consistent multiple scattering method that is able to treat the large supercells required to model inhomogeneous systems. We have investigated two chain geometries: Fe chains along the 110 and 100 directions. We found that the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy favored orientations of the magnetic moments perpendicular to the chains, while the magnetostatic energy was lowest when the moments are aligned parallel to the chain. Interestingly, our parameter free qualitative results implies that these competing effects are finely balanced.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144424
Pages (from-to)1444241-1444247
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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