Macrophyte diversity of lakes in the Pannon Ecoregion (Hungary)

Balázs A. Lukács, B. Tóthmérész, G. Borics, Gábor Várbíró, Péter Juhász, Béla Kiss, Zoltán Müller, László G-Tóth, T. Erős

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the distribution of submerged and emergent macrophyte species and the entire macrophyte community within and between five lake types (highland reservoirs, alkali lakes, large shallow lakes, small to medium sized shallow lakes, marshes) in the Pannon Ecoregion, Hungary. The lowest submerged, emergent and total species richness was found in alkali lakes. The highest submerged macrophyte richness was in small to medium sized lakes, while the highest emergent macrophyte species richness was in reservoirs, small to medium sized lakes, and marshes. The values of within-lake type beta diversity were generally lower than the values of alpha diversity, especially for submerged macrophytes, indicating between site homogeneity in species composition within the lake types. Emergent macrophyte communities contributed the most to within and between lake type diversity and total (gamma) diversity. Canonical correspondence analyses showed that the main environmental variables which influenced the distribution of submerged macrophytes were conductivity, Secchi transparency and water nitrogen contents. For emergent macrophytes conductivity, lake width, altitude and water depth proved to be the most influential variables. Our results contribute to the knowledge of large-scale distribution of macrophytes in the Pannon Ecoregion and to the identification of conservation value of lakes using macrophytes. The results support the importance of small lakes and artificial lakes in the conservation of macrophyte diversity compared to large and natural lakes in the Pannon Ecoregion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-83
Number of pages10
JournalLimnologica
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015

Fingerprint

ecoregion
ecoregions
macrophyte
Hungary
lakes
lake
macrophytes
alkalis
species diversity
marsh
marshes
conductivity
species richness
transparency
homogeneity
nitrogen content
water depth

Keywords

  • Diversity
  • Helophyte
  • Hydrophyte
  • Macrophyte
  • Shallow lakes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

Macrophyte diversity of lakes in the Pannon Ecoregion (Hungary). / Lukács, Balázs A.; Tóthmérész, B.; Borics, G.; Várbíró, Gábor; Juhász, Péter; Kiss, Béla; Müller, Zoltán; G-Tóth, László; Erős, T.

In: Limnologica, Vol. 53, 01.07.2015, p. 74-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lukács, Balázs A. ; Tóthmérész, B. ; Borics, G. ; Várbíró, Gábor ; Juhász, Péter ; Kiss, Béla ; Müller, Zoltán ; G-Tóth, László ; Erős, T. / Macrophyte diversity of lakes in the Pannon Ecoregion (Hungary). In: Limnologica. 2015 ; Vol. 53. pp. 74-83.
@article{2edcc3bc721d405eb17435246cd4a6ce,
title = "Macrophyte diversity of lakes in the Pannon Ecoregion (Hungary)",
abstract = "We examined the distribution of submerged and emergent macrophyte species and the entire macrophyte community within and between five lake types (highland reservoirs, alkali lakes, large shallow lakes, small to medium sized shallow lakes, marshes) in the Pannon Ecoregion, Hungary. The lowest submerged, emergent and total species richness was found in alkali lakes. The highest submerged macrophyte richness was in small to medium sized lakes, while the highest emergent macrophyte species richness was in reservoirs, small to medium sized lakes, and marshes. The values of within-lake type beta diversity were generally lower than the values of alpha diversity, especially for submerged macrophytes, indicating between site homogeneity in species composition within the lake types. Emergent macrophyte communities contributed the most to within and between lake type diversity and total (gamma) diversity. Canonical correspondence analyses showed that the main environmental variables which influenced the distribution of submerged macrophytes were conductivity, Secchi transparency and water nitrogen contents. For emergent macrophytes conductivity, lake width, altitude and water depth proved to be the most influential variables. Our results contribute to the knowledge of large-scale distribution of macrophytes in the Pannon Ecoregion and to the identification of conservation value of lakes using macrophytes. The results support the importance of small lakes and artificial lakes in the conservation of macrophyte diversity compared to large and natural lakes in the Pannon Ecoregion.",
keywords = "Diversity, Helophyte, Hydrophyte, Macrophyte, Shallow lakes",
author = "Luk{\'a}cs, {Bal{\'a}zs A.} and B. T{\'o}thm{\'e}r{\'e}sz and G. Borics and G{\'a}bor V{\'a}rb{\'i}r{\'o} and P{\'e}ter Juh{\'a}sz and B{\'e}la Kiss and Zolt{\'a}n M{\"u}ller and L{\'a}szl{\'o} G-T{\'o}th and T. Erős",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.limno.2015.06.002",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "74--83",
journal = "Limnologica",
issn = "0075-9511",
publisher = "Urban und Fischer Verlag Jena",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Macrophyte diversity of lakes in the Pannon Ecoregion (Hungary)

AU - Lukács, Balázs A.

AU - Tóthmérész, B.

AU - Borics, G.

AU - Várbíró, Gábor

AU - Juhász, Péter

AU - Kiss, Béla

AU - Müller, Zoltán

AU - G-Tóth, László

AU - Erős, T.

PY - 2015/7/1

Y1 - 2015/7/1

N2 - We examined the distribution of submerged and emergent macrophyte species and the entire macrophyte community within and between five lake types (highland reservoirs, alkali lakes, large shallow lakes, small to medium sized shallow lakes, marshes) in the Pannon Ecoregion, Hungary. The lowest submerged, emergent and total species richness was found in alkali lakes. The highest submerged macrophyte richness was in small to medium sized lakes, while the highest emergent macrophyte species richness was in reservoirs, small to medium sized lakes, and marshes. The values of within-lake type beta diversity were generally lower than the values of alpha diversity, especially for submerged macrophytes, indicating between site homogeneity in species composition within the lake types. Emergent macrophyte communities contributed the most to within and between lake type diversity and total (gamma) diversity. Canonical correspondence analyses showed that the main environmental variables which influenced the distribution of submerged macrophytes were conductivity, Secchi transparency and water nitrogen contents. For emergent macrophytes conductivity, lake width, altitude and water depth proved to be the most influential variables. Our results contribute to the knowledge of large-scale distribution of macrophytes in the Pannon Ecoregion and to the identification of conservation value of lakes using macrophytes. The results support the importance of small lakes and artificial lakes in the conservation of macrophyte diversity compared to large and natural lakes in the Pannon Ecoregion.

AB - We examined the distribution of submerged and emergent macrophyte species and the entire macrophyte community within and between five lake types (highland reservoirs, alkali lakes, large shallow lakes, small to medium sized shallow lakes, marshes) in the Pannon Ecoregion, Hungary. The lowest submerged, emergent and total species richness was found in alkali lakes. The highest submerged macrophyte richness was in small to medium sized lakes, while the highest emergent macrophyte species richness was in reservoirs, small to medium sized lakes, and marshes. The values of within-lake type beta diversity were generally lower than the values of alpha diversity, especially for submerged macrophytes, indicating between site homogeneity in species composition within the lake types. Emergent macrophyte communities contributed the most to within and between lake type diversity and total (gamma) diversity. Canonical correspondence analyses showed that the main environmental variables which influenced the distribution of submerged macrophytes were conductivity, Secchi transparency and water nitrogen contents. For emergent macrophytes conductivity, lake width, altitude and water depth proved to be the most influential variables. Our results contribute to the knowledge of large-scale distribution of macrophytes in the Pannon Ecoregion and to the identification of conservation value of lakes using macrophytes. The results support the importance of small lakes and artificial lakes in the conservation of macrophyte diversity compared to large and natural lakes in the Pannon Ecoregion.

KW - Diversity

KW - Helophyte

KW - Hydrophyte

KW - Macrophyte

KW - Shallow lakes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938357471&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84938357471&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.limno.2015.06.002

DO - 10.1016/j.limno.2015.06.002

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 74

EP - 83

JO - Limnologica

JF - Limnologica

SN - 0075-9511

ER -