Macromolecular Compartmentation and Channeling

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157 Citations (Scopus)


One of the accepted characterizations of the living state is that it is complex to an extraordinary degree. Since our current understanding of the living condition is minimal and fragmentary, it is not surprising that our first descriptions are simplistic. However, in certain areas of metabolism, especially those that have been amenable to experimentation for the longest period of time, the simplistic explanations have been the most difficult to revise. For example, current texts of general biochemistry still view metabolism as occurring by a series of independent enzymes dispersed in a uniform aqueous environment. This notion has been shown to be deeply flawed by both experimental and theoretical considerations. Thus, there is ample evidence that, in many metabolic pathways, specific interactions between sequential enzymes occur as static and/or dynamic complexes. In addition, reversible interactions of enzymes with structural proteins and membranes is a common occurrence. The interactions of enzymes give rise to a higher level of complexity that must be accounted for when one wishes to understand the regulation of metabolism. One of the phenomena that occurs because of sequential enzyme interactions is the process of channeling. This article discusses enzyme interactions and channeling and summarizes experimental and theoretical results from a few well-studied examples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-280
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Review of Cytology
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999


  • Ambiquity
  • Channeling
  • Enzyme structure protein interactions
  • Enzyme-enzyme interactions
  • Metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

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