Introduction: Deep infiltrating endometriosis is a particular form of endometriosis that penetrates the peritoneal surface or it reaches the subserosal neurovascular plexus. Aim: The aim of the authors was to analyze the results of segmental colorectal resections performed for deep infiltrating endometriosis. Method: Between 2009 and 2012, 50 patients underwent segmental rectum or/and sigmoid resection for endometriosis. Results: 21 patients had ultralow rectal resection and 29 patients had low colorectal anastomosis or anterior resection. Concomitant intervention in other organs was required in all cases, including gynecologic procedures (n = 50), additional gynecologic (n = 47), vesical (n = 9) and ureteral (n = 18) resections. The mean number of endometriosis lesions was 2.4±1.8 per patient. In all patients fertility was preserved. Severe surgical complications (Clavien-Dindo stage III or more severe) occurred in 3 patients (6%). Conclusions: The results confirm that segmental bowel resection is an efficient and safe method for the treatment of deep infiltrating colorectal endometriosis.
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