The effect of lymph stasis on the histological, biochemical, and elastic properties of the femoral artery were studied after regional lymphatic blockade in 36 dogs. Dogs were sacrificed 4-21 days after operation. Histologic changes of the femoral arterial wall (interstitial edema, degeneration in the muscle layer or media, thickened adventitia with dilated lymph vessels, and fibrosis) developed after regional lymphatic blockade. Characteristic metabolic alterations of the arterial wall (anerobic catabolism of carbohydrate, increased lactate and glycosamine content) accompanied the morphological changes. Distensibility of the femoral artery decreased and greater elastic stiffness developed after regional lymphatic blockade. These results in conjunction with other experimental and clinical data support the concept that insufficient lymphatic transport within the blood vessel wall may contribute to the genesis and progression of arteriopathies.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy