Lung volume assessments in normal and surfactant depleted lungs: Agreement between bedside techniques and CT imaging

Gergely Albu, Ferenc Petak, Tristan Zand, Magnus Hallbäck, Mats Wallin, Walid Habre

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Abstract

Background: Bedside assessment of lung volume in clinical practice is crucial to adapt ventilation strategy. We compared bedside measures of lung volume by helium multiple-breath washout technique (EELVMBW,He) and effective lung volume based on capnodynamics (ELV) to those assessed from spiral chest CT scans (EELVCT) under different PEEP levels in control and surfactant-depleted lungs.Methods: Lung volume was assessed in anaesthetized mechanically ventilated rabbits successively by measuring i) ELV by analyzing CO2 elimination traces during the application of periods of 5 consecutive alterations in inspiratory/expiratory ratio (1:2 to 1.5:1), ii) measuring EELVMBW,He by using helium as a tracer gas, and iii) EELVCT from CT scan images by computing the normalized lung density. All measurements were performed at PEEP of 0, 3 and 9 cmH2O in random order under control condition and following surfactant depletion by whole lung lavage.Results: Variables obtained with all techniques followed sensitively the lung volume changes with PEEP. Excellent correlation and close agreement was observed between EELVMBW,He and EELVCT (r = 0.93, p < 0.0001). ELV overestimated EELVMBW,He and EELVCT in normal lungs, whereas this difference was not evidenced following surfactant depletion. These findings resulted in somewhat diminished but still significant correlations between ELV and EELVCT (r = 0.58, p < 0.001) or EELVMBW,He (0.76, p < 0.001) and moderate agreements.Conclusions: Lung volume assessed with bedside techniques allow the monitoring of the changes in the lung aeration with PEEP both in normal lungs and in a model of acute lung injury. Under stable pulmonary haemodynamic condition, ELV allows continuous lung volume monitoring, whereas EELVMBW,He offers a more accurate estimation, but intermittently.

Original languageEnglish
Article number64
JournalBMC anesthesiology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 5 2014

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Keywords

  • Capnodynamics
  • Effective lung volume
  • Gas exchange
  • Lung injury
  • Lung mechanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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