Lower miocene (upper burdigalian, karpatian) volcanic ashfall at the south-eastern margin of the Bohemian Massif in Austria - new evidence from 40Ar/39Ar-dating, palaeomagnetic, geochemical and mineralogical investigations

Reinhard Roetzel, Arjan de Leeuw, Oleg Mandic, Emő Márton, Slavomír Nehyba, Klaudia F. Kuiper, Robert Scholger, Ingeborg Wimmer-Frey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An Early Miocene acidic tuff that accumulated in a small tectonic graben at the south-eastern margin of the Bohemian Massif in north-eastern Austria was dated by means of 40Ar/39Ar dating. Feldspar crystals from the tuff have an inverse isochron age of 17.23 ± 0.18 Ma, which is interpreted to reflect its crystallisation age. The tuff shows a reversed palaeomagnetic polarity and can be correlated with chron C5Cr of the late Burdigalian (early Karpatian) and with the lowstand systems tract (LST) of the Bur 4 global 3rd order sea level cycle. The tephra originates from acid (rhyodacitic to dacitic) calc-alkaline arc volcanism. Our study demonstrates that the investigated volcaniclastics are significantly different from ther Burdigalian (Eggenburgian, Ottnangian) and Langhian (early Badenian) tephra from the area with regard to their volcanic zircon and Rare Earth element (REE) composition. The volcanic source of the Straning tuffs might be traced back to the western Inner Carpathian volcanic arc. The tuffs are most likely genetically related to the Middle Rhyolite Tuff (late Burdigalian, Karpatian) of northern Hungary and southern Slovakia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-22
Number of pages21
JournalAustrian Journal of Earth Sciences
Volume107
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Ar/Ar-geochronology
  • Burdigalian
  • Geochemistry
  • Karpatian
  • Magnetostratigraphy
  • Straning
  • Zircon studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Stratigraphy
  • Palaeontology

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